Christmas: December 28th
Feast of the Holy Innocents, martyrs
Other Titles: Fourth Day within the Octave of the Nativity of the Lord (Christmas)
During this octave of Christmas the Church celebrates the memory of the small children of the neighborhood of Bethlehem put to death by Herod. Sacrificed by a wicked monarch, these innocent lives bear witness to Christ who was persecuted from the time of His birth by a world which would not receive Him. It is Christ Himself who is at stake in this mass-murder of the children; already the choice, for or against Him, is put clearly before men. But the persecutors are powerless, for Christ came to perform a work of salvation that nothing can prevent; when He fell into the hands of His enemies at the time chosen by God it was to redeem the world by His own Blood.Our Christmas joy is tempered today by a feeling of sadness. But the Church looks principally to the glory of the children, of these innocent victims, whom she shows us in heaven following the Lamb wherever He goes. The Fourth Day of Christmas
The Holy Innocents
Today, dearest brethren, we celebrate the birthday of those children who were slaughtered, as the Gospel tells us, by that exceedingly cruel king, Herod. Let the earth, therefore, rejoice and the Church exult — she, the fruitful mother of so many heavenly champions and of such glorious virtues. Never, in fact, would that impious tyrant have been able to benefit these children by the sweetest kindness as much as he has done by his hatred. For as today's feast reveals, in the measure with which malice in all its fury was poured out upon the holy children, did heaven's blessing stream down upon them.
- Today is also called Childermas Day. Read about the customs and traditions of this day, including the Feast of Fools and the Feast of the Boy Bishop.
- Read this article by Msgr. Luciano Alimandi on the humility of children.
- Read the Golden Legend of the Holy Innocents.
- Read more about the Holy Innocents:
- See the poem Holy Innocents by Christina Rossetti.
December 28, Feast of the Holy Innocents
Station with San Paolo fuori le mura (St. Paul Outside the Walls):
It is natural that with the feast of Christmas there should be associated the anniversary of those Saints who hold a rank apart amongst martyrs, as they were martyred out of hatred for the Infant born at Bethlehem, and thus unconsciously bore witness to Him. The station is at St. Paul's-Outside-the-Walls, which is unusual, owing to the distant situation of this basilica, but it claims to possess several of the bodies of these little Holy Innocents, and thus is quite reasonable to be the stational church for their feast.
For more info, see:
Vatican on the Basilica
For further information on the Station Churches, see The Stational Church.