Catholic Culture News
Catholic Culture News

2.5 Chalcedon: Firm Foundation for the Doctrine of Christ

By Mike Aquilina ( bio - articles - email ) | Aug 10, 2022 | In Way of the Fathers (Podcast)

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What happened when God took flesh? A simple question roused hundreds of speculative answers, most concerning the “person” and “nature” (or natures) of Jesus Christ. But the philosophical terms themselves were slippery, and mistranslations only made matters worse. The wild speculation came to a stop at the Council of Chalcedon, thanks to a letter from Pope Leo the Great. His “Tome” defined terms with abundant clarity. Since then, in mainstream Christianity, Orthodox Christology has been Chalcedonian Christology. The Tome is a necessary point of reference for all subsequent doctrine of Jesus Christ.

Leo the Great, Letter 28

Leo the Great, Letter 93 (to the Council of Chalcedon)

Letter 98 (From the Council of Chalcedon to Pope Leo)

Leo the Great, Letter 162 (“The decrees of Chalcedon and Nicæa are identical and final”)

Leo the Great, The Tome (text)

Leo the Great, The Tome (audiobook)

Acts of the Council of Chalcedon

Paul Senz, Church Councils: 100 Questions and Answers (foreword by Mike Aquilina)

Mike Aquilina’s website

Mike Aquilina’s books

Paul Senz, Church Councils: 100 Questions and Answers (foreword by Mike Aquilina)

Theme music: Gaudeamus (Introit for the Feast of All Saints), sung by Jeff Ostrowski. Courtesy of Corpus Christi Watershed

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Mike Aquilina is a popular author working in the area of Church history, especially patristics. He is executive vice-president and trustee of the St. Paul Center for Biblical Theology, a contributing editor of Angelus (magazine) and general editor of the Reclaiming Catholic History Series from Ave Maria Press. See full bio.

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