Ordinary Time: September 13th
Memorial of St. John Chrysostom, Bishop and Doctor of the Church
Entrance Antiphon, Cf. Dn 12:3:
Those who are wise will shine brightly like the splendor of the firmament and those who lead the many to justice shall be like the stars for ever.
The seed is the word of God; Christ is the sower; all who come to him will live for ever.
Communion Antiphon, Cf. 1 Cor 1:23-24:
We proclaim Christ crucified; Christ, the power of God and the wisdom of God.
St. John Chrysostom (347-407), born in Antioch, was a great genius. His powerful eloquence earned him the surname of Chrysostom, or golden mouthed. With St. Athanasius, St. Gregory Nazianzen and St. Basil, he forms the group of the four great doctors of the Eastern Church. As Archbishop of Constantinople, his courageous stance against the vices of even the wealthy caused him to be exiled several times. As a result he died in 407, still in exile. In 1204 his relics were brought to St. Peter's in Rome. Some of the relics were returned to the Orthodox on November 27, 2004 by Pope Saint John Paul II. His silver and jewel-encrusted skull is now kept in the Vatopedi Monastery on Mount Athos in northern Greece, and is credited by Christians with miraculous healings. His right hand is also preserved on Mount Athos, and numerous smaller relics are scattered throughout the world.
St. John Chrysostom
John Chrysostom was the son of a Latin father and a Greek mother; his mother, Anthusa, was widowed at the age of twenty, soon after his birth. Putting aside all thought of remarriage, Anthusa gave all of her attention to her son: she gave him the best classical education of the day, and enrolled him as a catechumen when he was eighteen. He came under the influence of Meletius, patriarch of Antioch, who sent him to the monastic school of Diodore, then baptized him and ordained him lector.
- Discuss and implement some ideas on how to follow this idea: "Family life becomes sanctified when parents carry out St. John Chrysostom's plea to make each home a family church."
- Cook special foods for this feast--Greek foods or foods with a "golden" color, such as honey.
- Imitate the patron of orators, learn how to give speeches, perhaps have a speech contest.
- St. John was a great Scripture scholar, and we should follow his encouragement of daily Bible reading and study.
- Read excerpts from St. John Chrysostom's writing to see why he was called "golden-mouthed."
- Learn more about the Eastern Rite churches.
- View some of the world's most famous religious icons.