Background: World Day of Peace 2019
December 31, 2018
On January 1, the Church commemorates the 52nd World Day of Peace. Pope Francis’s message for the day, released December 18, is entitled “Good Politics Is at the Service of Peace.”
The Pope’s previous messages for the day were entitled “Fraternity, the Foundation and Pathway to Peace” (2014), “No Longer Slaves, but Brothers and Sisters” (2015), “Overcome Indifference and Win Peace” (2016), “Nonviolence: A Style of Politics for Peace” (2017), and “Migrants and Refugees: Men and Women in Search of Peace” (2018).
In his message for the 1st World Day of Peace, Pope St. Paul VI wrote, “It is Our desire that then, every year, this commemoration be repeated as a hope and as a promise, at the beginning of the calendar which measures and outlines the path of human life in time, that Peace with its just and beneficent equilibrium may dominate the development of events to come.”
The Catechism of the Catholic Church summarizes Catholic teaching on peace and just war in the third part of its discussion of the Fifth Commandment, and the Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church discusses Catholic teaching on peace in Chapter 11.
Between 1914 and 1968, five popes issued 21 encyclicals on peace. Since 1968, papal teaching on peace has been expressed primarily in the messages of St. Paul VI, St. John Paul II, and Pope Benedict XVI, and Pope Francis for the World Day of Peace.
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