September 2022 — Overview for the Month
The Holy Father's Intentions for the Month of September 2022
For the abolition of the death penalty: We pray that the death penalty, which attacks the dignity of the human person, may be legally abolished in every country. (See also http://www.popesprayerusa.net/)
Feasts for September3. Gregory the Great, Memorial
4. Twenty-Third Sunday in Ordinary Time, Sunday
5. Teresa of Calcutta, Opt. Mem.
8. Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Feast
9. Peter Claver (USA), Memorial
11. Twenty-Fourth Sunday in Ordinary Time, Sunday
12. Most Holy Name of Mary, Opt. Mem.
13. John Chrysostom, Memorial
14. Exaltation of the Holy Cross, Feast
15. Our Lady of Sorrows, Memorial
16. Cornelius and Cyprian, Memorial
17. Robert Bellarmine, Hildegard of Bingen, Opt. Mem.
18. Twenty-Fifth Sunday in Ordinary Time, Sunday
19. Januarius, Opt. Mem.
20. Andrew Kim Taegon, Paul Chong Hasang and Companions, Memorial; Thanksgiving Day, USA, Optional Memorial
21. Matthew, Apostle, Feast
23. Pius of Pietrelcina, Memorial
25. Twenty-Sixth Sunday in Ordinary Time, Sunday
26. Cosmas and Damian, Opt. Mem.
27. Vincent de Paul, Memorial
28. Wenceslaus; Lawrence Ruiz and Companions, Opt. Mem.
29. Michael, Gabriel & Raphael, Archangels, Feast
30. Jerome, Memorial
Focus of the Liturgy
The Gospels for the Sundays in September 2022 are from the Gospel of St. Luke from Cycle C, Weekdays following Year II.
"Whoever does not carry his own cross and come after me cannot be my disciple."
This Gospel relates the parable of the Prodigal Son and the Forgiving Father.
"No servant can serve two masters. He will either hate one and love the other, or be devoted to one and despise the other. You cannot serve both God and mammon."
The Gospel tells the parable of Dives and Lazarus.
Highlights of the Month
During September, as in all of Tempus per Annum, or Ordinary Time (formerly known as Time After Pentecost), the Liturgy does not focus on one particular mystery of Christ, but views the mystery of Christ in all its aspects. We follow the life of Christ through the Gospels, and focus on the teachings and parables of Jesus and what it means for us to be a follower of Christ. During Ordinary Time we can concentrate more on the saints and imitate their holiness as Christ's followers.
This month the main liturgical feasts are St. Gregory the Great (September 3),
the Nativity of Mary (September 8),
St. Peter Claver (September 9),
Holy Name of Mary (September 12),
St. John Chrysostom (September 13),
Exaltation of the Holy Cross (September 14),
Our Lady of Sorrows (September 15),
Sts. Cornelius and Cyprian (September 16),
St. Robert Bellarmine (September 17),
St. Januarius (September 19),
St. Andrew Kim and Companions (September 20),
St. Matthew (September 21),
St. Pio (September 23),
Sts. Cosmas and Damian (September 26),
St. Vincent de Paul (September 27),
Sts. Michael, Gabriel and Raphael (September 29) and
St. Jerome (September 30).
Month of the Harvest
Since man is both a spiritual and physical being, the Church provides for the needs of man in his everyday life. The Church's liturgy and feasts in many areas reflect the four seasons of the year (spring, summer, fall and winter). The months of August, September, October and November are part of the harvest season, and as Christians we recall God's constant protection over his people and give thanksgiving for the year's harvest.
The September Ember Days were particularly focused on the end of the harvest season and thanksgiving to God for the season. Ember Days were three days (Wednesday, Friday and Saturday) set aside by the Church for prayer, fasting and almsgiving at the beginning of each of the four seasons of the year. The ember days fell after December 13, the feast of St. Lucy (winter), after the First Sunday of Lent (spring), after Pentecost Sunday (summer), and after September 14, the feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross, after the Third Sunday of September (autumn). These weeks were known as the quattor tempora, the "four seasons."
Since the late 5th century, the Ember Days were also the preferred dates for ordination of priests. So during these times the Church had a threefold focus: (1) sanctifying each new season by turning to God through prayer, fasting and almsgiving; (2) giving thanks to God for the various harvests of each season; and (3) praying for the newly ordained and for future vocations to the priesthood and religious life.
Since the reorganization of the Roman calendar in 1969 after the Second Vatican Council, Ember Days are still retained in principle, but how and when they are to be observed is at the discretion of each country's Episcopal Conference. There is no longer set Mass readings for the Ember Days in the current Roman Missal.
Another harvest feast is September 29, the Feast of the Archangels Michael, Gabriel and Raphael. Before the revision of the calendar, this used to be only the feast of St. Michael. In many countries this day was referred to as "Michaelmas" and celebrated with traditional foods and customs.
By Jennifer Gregory Miller
Explanation of Ember Days—Three days set apart for fasting, abstinence, and prayer during each of the four seasons of the year. They were the Wednesday, Friday and Saturday after St. Lucy (or Lucia, d. 304) (December 13), the First Sunday of Lent, Pentecost, and the feast of the Holy Cross (September 14). Since the revision of the Roman calendar in 1969, Ember Days are to be observed at the discretion of the National Conference of Bishops. Moreover, their observance may be extended beyond three days and even repeated during the year. Possibly occasioned by the agricultural feasts of ancient Rome, they came to be observed by Christians for the sanctification of the different seasons of the year, and for obtaining God's blessing on the clergy to be ordained during the Embertides. (Etym. Anglo-Saxon oemerge, ashes.)
—Modern Catholic Dictionary by John A. Hardon, SJ, Doubleday, 1980.
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