Catholic Culture Liturgical Living
Catholic Culture Liturgical Living

October 2021 - Overview for the Month

by Catholic Culture Staff


The month of October is dedicated to the Holy Rosary. The Memorial of Our Lady of the Rosary is celebrated on October 7.


October 18
St. Luke

St. Luke was a physician from Antioch and a disciple of St. Paul. He is the author of the third Gospel and of the Acts of the Apostles. In his Gospel he highlights the universality of salvation.

Recipe of the Month

Paella is a delicious, typical Spanish dish which has literally hundreds of ways to be prepared. Try making a version of this recipe in honor of the Spanish saint, Teresa of Avila, whose feast is October 15.

Activity of the Month
Sacrifice Beads

As a child, St. Thérèse the Little Flower had “sacrifice beads,” which were a small string of beads to help her count the “presents” she offered to God. Each time she would make a sacrifice such as letting someone else have their way, St. Therese would secretly reach into her pocket and “pull a bead” to Jesus on the Crucifix. Find out more about the sacrifice beads and implement the practice in the family.


St. Jude

The sailing vessel here represents the Church, which St. Jude (also known as Thaddeus or Lebbaeus) carried to many ports as he journeyed as a missionary.

St. Simon

The companion of St. Jude on many missionary journeys, St. Simon was known as a great fisher of men through the power of the Gospel.

St. Francis

St. Francis, the father of the Franciscan Order, for two years before his death bore the marks of the Lord's Passion upon his hands, feet and side. The tears on the cross represent the marks of the stigmata.

St. Ignatius of Antioch

A convert of St. John, reputedly consecrated Bishop of Antioch by St. Peter, St. Ignatius was an important link between the first and second centuries of the Church. He was the writer of seven epistles as he proceeded to his martyrdom when condemned by Trajan.

Thou, O daughter, art blessed of the Lord, for through thee have we been made partakers of the fruit of life.

Publisher & Date

Catholic Culture, June 17, 2021

October falls during the liturgical season known as Tempus per Annum or Ordinary Time (formerly Time After Pentecost), which is represented by the liturgical color green. Green is a symbol of hope, as it is the color of the sprouting seed and arouses in the faithful the hope of reaping the eternal harvest of heaven, especially the hope of a glorious resurrection. The liturgical color green is worn during the praying of Offices and celebration of Masses of Ordinary Time.

The Holy Father's Intentions for the Month of October 2021

Missionary Disciples: We pray that every baptized person may be engaged in evangelization, available to the mission, by being witnesses of a life that has the flavor of the Gospel. (See also

Feasts for October

1. Thérèse of the Child Jesus, Memorial
2. Holy Guardian Angels, Memorial
3. Twenty-Seventh Sunday in Ordinary Time, Sunday
4. Francis of Assisi, Memorial
5. Bl. Francis Xavier Seelos, priest; St. Faustina Kowalska, virgin, Opt. Mem.
6. Bruno; Bl. Marie Rose Durocher (USA), Opt. Mem.
7. Our Lady of the Rosary, Memorial
10. Twenty-Eighth Sunday in Ordinary Time, Sunday
11. St. John XXIII, Opt. Mem.
14. Callistus I, Opt. Mem.
15. Teresa of Jesus, Memorial
16. Hedwig; Margaret Mary Alacoque; Marguerite d’Youville (Canada), Opt. Mem.
17. Twenty-Ninth Sunday in Ordinary Time, Sunday
18. Feast of Luke, Evangelist, Feast
19. John de Brébeuf, Isaac Jogues and Companions (USA), Memorial
20. Paul of the Cross, Opt. Mem.
22. John Paul II, Opt. Mem.
23. John of Capistrano, Opt. Mem.
24. Thirtieth Sunday in Ordinary Time, Sunday
28. Feast of Simon and Jude, Apostles, Feast
31. Thirty-First Sunday in Ordinary Time, Sunday

Focus of the Liturgy

The Gospels for the Sundays in October 2021 are taken from St. Mark from Year B, Weekdays follow Cycle I.

October 3rd
27th Sunday
in Ordinary Time

Jesus said, "Therefore what God has joined together, no human being must separate."

October 10th
28th Sunday
in Ordinary Time

The Gospel tells the story of the rich young man who could not part with his possessions.

October 17th
29th Sunday
in Ordinary Time

"For the Son of Man did not come to be served but to serve and to give his life as a ransom for many."

October 24th
30th Sunday
in Ordinary Time

This Gospel recounts the story of Bartemeus, the blind man, who Jesus cured.

October 30th
31st Sunday
in Ordinary Time

In this Gospel Jesus gives us the greatest commandment.

Highlights of the Month

October, as in all of Tempus per Annum, or Ordinary Time (formerly known as Time After Pentecost), the Liturgy does not focus on one particular mystery of Christ, but views the mystery of Christ in all its aspects. We follow the life of Christ through the Gospels, and focus on the teachings and parables of Jesus and what it means for each of us to be a follower of Christ.

This month the main liturgical feasts are St. Thérèse (October 1), Guardian Angels (October 2), St. Francis of Assisi (October 4), St. Faustina (October 5), St. Bruno (October 6), Our Lady of the Rosary (October 7), St. John XXIII (October 11), St. Callistus I (October 14) St. Teresa of Jesus (October 15), St. Hedwig and St. Margaret Mary (October 16), St. Luke (October 18), Sts. John de Brébeuf, Isaac Jogues, and Companions (October 19), St. Paul of the Cross (October 20), St. John Paul II (October 22), and Sts. Simon and Jude (October 28) .

The feasts of St. Ignatius of Antioch (October 17) and St. Anthony Mary Claret (October 24) are superseded by the Sunday liturgy.

Autumn Festivities

October usually is an enjoyable time of the year in the United States. The autumn season manifests itself with wonderful fall foliage in many parts of the country. The temperatures are cooler, inviting people outdoors for nature walks, apple or pumpkin picking. School routines are more established and football season is in full swing. The celebrations of the Church for the month of October are also wonderful and unique. The feasts of some of the most popular saints of the universal Church are celebrated during this month: St. Therese the Little Flower (France), St. Francis of Assisi (Italy) and St. Teresa of Avila (Spain). These saints come from different countries, and in honoring these saints we can include cultural dishes or activities from each country to make the feastday even more special. Read more about the lives of these saints. Perhaps the family can pick one virtue that each saint practiced well and try to implement it.

The feasts in October also include two of the most popular, time-honored devotions of Catholics, the devotion to the Holy Rosary (October 7) and the Guardian Angels (October 2). In October 2002 our Holy Father John Paul II wrote the Apostolic Letter Rosarium Virginis Mariae (the Rosary of the Virgin Mary)." This letter introduced five new mysteries, called the Luminous or Mysteries of Light, which are (1) Jesus' Baptism in the Jordan, (2) Jesus' self-manifestation at the wedding of Cana, (3) Proclamation of the Kingdom of God, with the call to conversion, (4) the Transfiguration, and (5) the Institution of the Eucharist. Try to make a more concerted effort to pray the Rosary together as a family during the month of October, read the Apostolic Letter to understand the beauty of this devotion more deeply, and pray the Luminous mysteries. October 16 is known as "Pope Day" on which we celebrate the gift of the papacy and our current pope.

Every person has a guardian angel assigned to them, and October 2 the Church celebrates the role of these Guardian Angels. We should show devout gratitude to God for placing these angels at our service. Having a guardian should give us confidence during all of life's difficulties. Every Catholic should know the Angele Dei (Angel of God) prayer and pray it often. The Directory on Popular Piety suggests that families pray it at morning and evening prayers or after the Angelus.

All Hallows' Eve or Halloween heralds the month of November with emphasis on the Communion of Saints, especially the Church Suffering (the Poor Souls in Purgatory) and the second coming of Christ or Parousia. This last day of October on the secular calendar is second only to Christmas in commercial preparations. The secular festivities center on ghouls, witches and devils, but the Christian counterpart focuses on the communion of saints and the Last Things. As Christians living a "Catholic Culture", we can try to explore the Christian roots of the Halloween festivities.

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