In defense of the 'doctors of the law'
Back in 1983, when the new Code of Canon Law was promulgated, I picked up a copy. This was my first real encounter with Church law, and as I leafed through the book I was struck by how often the canons obviously reflected the fruit of painful experience.
That's how laws commonly come into being, actually, in the Church as in the secular world. Legislators identify a problem or an abuse, propose a solution, and write it into law. If the solution is effective the problem is eased; if not, future legislators will probably take another stab at it. Thus law can be the codification of common sense: practical problems are recognized and remedies applied-- often after a painful process of trail and error.
Quite a bit of the Church's pastoral wisdom falls into this category: not necessarily lofty theology, but the fruit of experience. Wise pastors find a good way to address a knotty problem, suggest the same solution to others, and eventually the Church in her wisdom declares that everyone should follow that same path.
Activists are impatient with rules. They have plans and they want results! If their plan of action is stymied by existing law, their first instinct is to cast the law aside-- especially if they cannot see why the law is necessary. But if they do not understand the purpose of the law, that does not mean that the law has no purpose. Quite possibly the legislator understood something that the activist has not yet grasped. It's even possible that the law was written after the failure of a plan like the one the activist now has in mind.
Obviously there are times when a law should be amended, or abolished, or even defied. But before setting the law aside, one should understand why it was written, and what are the likely consequences of changing it. Church law, developed and refined over the centuries, represents a storehouse of wisdom about human nature and human frailty. The canons are there for a reason. Should some canons be changed? No doubt. But they should not be ignored.
With his repeated criticisms of "the doctors of the law," Pope Francis has sometimes conveyed the impression that there is an inherent conflict between those who enforce the law and those who dispense mercy-- between canon law and pastoral practice. Not so. It is a fundamental principle of Church law that the welfare of souls is the supreme law, so that every canon should be interpreted from the perspective of a conscientious pastor, caring for his flock. The Code is designed to help pastors: to guide them, not to limit them. Canon law is not a set of arbitrary rules that competent pastors can safely disregard. Quite the contrary: canon law is the accumulated, codified wisdom of generations of pastors who have already wrestled with problems and learned what works. If you reject the value of the Code, you are rejecting the wisdom of pastors.
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