Ep. 72—Stabat Mater—Francesco Cotticelli
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Stabat Mater, a medieval hymn that was long used as the sequence for the Feast of the Seven Sorrows of the Blessed Virgin Mary, is now commonly sung between each Station of the Cross. This prayer, in which we ask Our Lady to help us experience the same sorrow and love with which she participated in her Son’s Passion, has been set to music by many great composers.
This episode explores the most famous and influential setting of Stabat Mater, completed by the 26-year-old Giovanni Battista Pergolesi (1710-1736) as he was dying of tuberculosis. An interview with leading Pergolesi scholar Francesco Cotticelli is combined with excerpts from the piece as recorded by La Nuova Musica (used with permission).
[2:11] The Stabat Mater text in the context of liturgy and Marian devotion
[6:30] Pergolesi’s bio and career
[9:30] Aria from L’Olimpiade (used with permission from Lyubov Petrova)
[17:37] Deathbed composition of the Stabat Mater
[18:52] Pergolesi’s place and innovations in sacred music of the time
[23:07] First movement, Stabat Mater dolorosa
[35:04] Second movement, Cuius animan gementem
[40:32] Pergolesi’s approach to text-setting: alternating between contemplation and action
[43:20] Sixth movement, Vidit suum dulcem natum
[50:35] Seventh movement, Eia, Mater, fons amoris
[56:45] Musical characteristics of the baroque and galant styles
[58:27] Ninth movement, Sancta mater, istud agas
[1:11:44] Popular settings of the Stabat Mater before Pergolesi
[1:12:49] Twelfth movement, Quando corpus morietur
[1:17:20] The somber ending to the piece: hope amidst sorrow
[1:20:30] Contemporary and later criticism of the piece for being too theatrical
[1:23:11] Other interesting settings of the Stabat Mater
Stabat Mater text https://www.stabatmater.info/english-translation/
Recording by La Nuova Musica (featured in this episode) http://www.harmoniamundi.com/#!/albums/2239
Also recommended: Recording by Concerto Italiano https://www.amazon.com/Pergolesi-Scarlatti-Stabat-Mater-Alessandrini/dp/B00CMSP1HU/
La Nuova Musica http://lanuovamusica.co.uk/
Lyubov Petrova https://imgartists.com/roster/29757/
Theme music: “Franciscan Eyes”, written and performed by Thomas Mirus.
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