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A religious order founded in 1012 by St. Romuald (950-1027) at Camaldoli, near Arezzo, Italy. Branching off from the Benedictines, the Camaldolese ideal was a minimum of communal ties. Within a century, however, monasteries were established along cenobitic lines. Since St. Romuald left no written rules, the order's tradition has varied over the centuries. Long fasts, hermitages, considerable silence, and manual labor are favored. There is also an order of Camaldolese nuns.