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Pope issues new rules governing Church charitable agencies

December 03, 2012

Pope Benedict XVI has issued a motu proprio governing Catholic charities, emphasizing that charitable agencies should operate in conformity with the teachings of the Church.

The motu proprio De Caritate Ministranda (“The Service of Charity”), formally dated November 11, provides guidance for diocesan bishops in supervising the charitable activities of the Church. The Pope describes the document as “an organic legislative framework for the better overall ordering of the various organized ecclesial forms of the service of charity, which are closely related to the diaconal nature of the Church and the episcopal ministry.”

“The Church's charitable activity at all levels must avoid the risk of becoming just another form of organized social assistance,” the Pope writes. He stresses that “practical activity will always be insufficient,” and insists that Church charities should be “helping people to appreciate the importance of sharing, respect and love in the spirit of the Gospel of Christ.”

In his introduction to the document, Pope Benedict notes although the Code of Canon Law clearly establishes the duties of bishops in teaching the faith and celebrating the sacraments, the Code “does not expressly mention charity as a specific sector of episcopal activity.” Because charitable action is an essential part of the Church’s ministry, the Pope explains, he has issued the motu proprio to address this gap in the Church’s law.

De Caritate Ministranda contains 15 articles governing the diocesan bishop’s duties regarding Catholic charitable agencies. The document instructs bishops to encourage private charitable ventures as well as official Church-sponsored efforts. But the motu proprio cautions that “to the extent that such activities are promoted by the Hierarchy itself, or are explicitly supported by the authority of the Church's Pastors, there is a need to ensure that they are managed in conformity with the demands of the Church’s teaching and the intentions of the faithful.”

A charitable agency may use the name “Catholic” only with the written consent of the competent ecclesiastical authority, the Pope writes. The bishop, for his part, “is to take care that those who work in the Church's charitable apostolate, along with due professional competence, give an example of Christian life and witness to a formation of heart which testifies to a faith working through charity.”

The motu proprio expressly states that the bishops should not allow “publicity being given through parish or diocesan structures to initiatives which, while presenting themselves as charitable, propose choices or methods at odds with the Church's teaching.” Article 10(3) of the document stipulates:

In particular, the diocesan Bishop is to ensure that charitable agencies dependent upon him do not receive financial support from groups or institutions that pursue ends contrary to Church's teaching. Similarly, lest scandal be given to the faithful, the diocesan Bishop is to ensure that these charitable agencies do not accept contributions for initiatives whose ends, or the means used to pursue them, are not in conformity with the Church's teaching.


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Show 6 Comments? (Hidden)Hide Comments
  • Posted by: spledant7672 - Dec. 03, 2012 10:26 PM ET USA

    "Guess that would rule out receiving money from the state." You have raised a good point. Does it? Can Dr. Mirus provide some helpful input on this?

  • Posted by: Ken - Dec. 03, 2012 8:00 PM ET USA

    Wonder if the USCCB will follow this?

  • Posted by: lauriem5377 - Dec. 03, 2012 7:50 PM ET USA

    Thank you, Holy Father, for bringing clarity and direction to this issue!

  • Posted by: joancollins507161 - Dec. 03, 2012 6:31 PM ET USA

    I am so happy. Thank you, Pope Benedict. Take note, U.S. Catholic bishops.

  • Posted by: garedawg - Dec. 03, 2012 6:20 PM ET USA

    "...not receive financial support from groups or institutions that pursue ends contrary to Church's teaching". Guess that would rule out receiving money from the state, at least here in the US.

  • Posted by: Gerry H - Dec. 03, 2012 6:09 PM ET USA

    Let us hope that the Bishops of Canada read, mark, learn, and inwardly digest the contents of this document, and see that it is applied to Development and Peace.