Catholic Dictionary




The dissolute, corrupt Emperor of Rome who ruled from A.D. 54 to 68 and ended his life by suicide when the Roman Senate replaced him on the throne and sentenced him to death. Nowhere in the New Testament is Nero mentioned by name, although the "Caesar" referred to in Acts 25 is Nero. When Paul was on trial before Porcius Festus, he stood on his rights as a Roman citizen and appealed to Caesar for justice (Acts 25:1-12). He was released after Agrippa heard his defense (Acts 26:1). Later, however, in A.D. 65, Nero was still emperor when Paul was condemned to death by Nero's deputies.