Catholic Culture Resources
Catholic Culture Resources

Catholic Dictionary

Find accurate definitions of over 5,000 Catholic terms and phrases (including abbreviations). Based on Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.

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Symbols used in an old form of excommunication in the Church. the sentence of greater excommunication having been read, these accessories, carried by the priests attending, were also used symbolically: the book was closed, the candle extinguished, and the bell tolled as for the dead.

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