Threat of new civil war in Sudan
October 06, 2011
Rebel groups in three Sudanese provinces are reportedly forming an alliance against the government in Khartoum, raising the prospect of another bloody civil war in the African country, just months after the establishment of the newly independent nation of South Sudan.
The prospective alliance would bring together groups in Darfur, South Kordofan, and the Blue Nile. The latter two provinces are on the border of South Sudan, in a contested region rich in natural resources.
South Sudan won its independence after years of civil war, during which the Khartoum government was frequently accused of atrocities including the deliberate bombing of civilian villages.
The northern section of Sudan, under the Khartoum government, is predominantly Arabic and Muslim. In South Sudan and in the embattled provinces, the population is black African and includes many Christians as well as followers of native religions.
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