Catholic Dictionary




To be near someone or something, either actually or effectively or spiritually. Actually presence means that the object is really and substantially there; effective presence means that its influence is being exercised, although the cause of the influence may be actually somewhere else; spiritual presence is the interior response to a person who may be physically absent but is affecting the mind and will of the one to whom he or she is said to be present. (Etym. Latin prae, before + ens, being: praesens, being at, taking part in what goes on.)