Find accurate definitions of over 5,000 Catholic terms and phrases (including abbreviations). Based on Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.
The political and religious upheaval that began in France in 1789 and has influenced the whole world. Among the significant aspects that affected the Catholic Church were the oaths of allegiance to civil authority that implied denial of the faith. There were may martyrs, along with a massive dissolution of religious orders and secularization of Church property.