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Catholic Dictionary

Find accurate definitions of over 5,000 Catholic terms and phrases (including abbreviations). Based on Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.

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FOUR TEMPERAMENTS

The four classic dispositions of human beings, traceable to Aristotle: namely, sanguine, melancholic, choleric, and lethargic or phlegmatic. While no person has exclusively any one of these temperaments, people generally have one or the other disposition as their dominant quality. Knowing this, they are better prepared to cope with their natural weaknesses and tendencies in the pursuit of spiritual perfection.

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