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4.2 The Heresies—Judaizers and Ebionites: Denying Christ’s Divinity

By Dr. James Papandrea ( bio - articles - email ) | Dec 13, 2023 | In Way of the Fathers (Podcast)

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Is Jesus Christ God? Is he a man? Is he both? Spoiler alert: the mainstream Church answered with the both/and, but the factions on the fringes tended to choose one or the other. For our first heresy, we take a look at the Ebionites, and their New Testament-era predecessors, the so-called Judaizers. These concluded that Jesus Christ was a mere human. A human who became a prophet perhaps, but just a human.


For more information on Ignatius of Antioch, see Mike Aquilina’s Episode 4:

To read Ignatius of Antioch’s Letter to the Magnesians:

To listen to Ignatius of Antioch’s Letter to the Magnesians:

For more information on Irenaeus of Lyons, see Mike Aquilina’s Episode 10:

For more detail on the Ebionite heresy, see the book:
The Earliest Christologies: Five Images of Christ in the Post-Apostolic Age

To connect with Dr. James Papandrea, On YouTube—The Original Church:
Join the Original Church Community on Locals:

Dr. Papandrea’s Homepage:

Theme Music: Gaudeamus (Introit for the Feast of All Saints), sung by Jeff Ostrowski. Courtesy of Corpus Christi Watershed:

Dr. James Papandrea is a senior fellow of the St. Paul Center for Biblical Theology and a Catholic member of the faculty at Garrett Evangelical Theological Seminary. A theological consultant for EWTN’s series The Heresies, he is also the writer and presenter for The Original Church series on YouTube. See full bio.

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