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In the East it is also known as the Chaldean, Assyrian, or Persian Rite and is used both by Catholics and dissident Oriental Christians. The language is Syriac or Aramaic. Among the Syrian Nestorians there are only five sacraments, with penance and anointing of the sick practically unknown. In the West, the Syriac Rite is also used by both Catholics and Non-Catholics, Maronites, and Jacobites. Among the last mentioned this rite is interspersed with many Arabic prayers.
All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.