We must raise $3,183 by March 31st to pay critical bills. Essential to continue our mission. Donate now!
Click here to advertise on CatholicCulture.org

Dictionary

A modern dictionary of Catholic terms, both common and obscure. Find accurate definitions of words and phrases.

Search:

Or browse the dictionary by selecting a letter!
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

DUTY

The moral obligation to do or to omit something. This is duty taken subjectively. Understood objectively, duty is the thing that must be done or omitted. The difference is expressed in the two statements "He has a duty," meaning that a person is morally obliged, and "He does his duty," meaning that a person does the thing he is obliged to do.

Rights and duties are correlative and complementary. thus if one person has a right, everyone else has a duty to respect that right. And if one has a duty, one also has the right to fulfill that duty and do all the things that are necessary for its fulfillment; otherwise it would not b e a genuine duty. Nevertheless, while having a right, a person does not necessarily have a duty to exercise that right. In fact, no one can exercise all one's rights but must choose among them, for some of them are simultaneously incompatible, as the right to stand and the right to sit. God is the only exception to the mutual dependence of rights and duties. He has all rights and no strict duties; creatures have duties to him but no rights against him; human beings have both rights and duties toward one another.

All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.

Subscribe for free
Click here to advertise on CatholicCulture.org
Shop Amazon

Recent Catholic Commentary

Scientific Evidence for the Creator 18 hours ago
A request for help from our unregistered followers March 25
Catholic movie watching is more important than watching Catholic movies March 25
Cardinal Kasper: Will flattery get him somewhere? March 25
An ecclesiastical battle over Germany March 24

Top Catholic News

Most Important Stories of the Last 30 Days
Pope announces Jubilee: a Year of Mercy CWN - March 13