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Catholic Dictionary




A system of thought, developed by Karl Bath, which holds that the main feature of the Christian religion is an inherent opposition among its revealed mysteries. The fundamental opposition, or dialectic, is between God and man. Other oppositions, such as time and eternity, finite and infinite, creature and Creator, nature and grace, are derived from the primary conflict. Moreover, dialectical theology claims that these oppositions cannot be reconciled by the human mind. Only God can bridge the gap that separates them.