Supreme Court upholds 'ministerial exception' in landmark victory for religious freedom
January 11, 2012
In a landmark January 11 decision, the US Supreme Court ruled that religious bodies should set their own standards for hiring ministers, free from government interference.
The unanimous decision in the case of Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church v. EEOC was described by Douglas Laycock, who successfully argued the case before the high court, as a “huge win for religious liberty.”
The Hosanna-Tabor case was the result of a discrimination lawsuit, filed by a woman who claimed that she had been wrongly dismissed by the Michigan Lutheran congregation. The Supreme Court ruled the congregation was exempt from such an anti-discrimination suit. The ruling indicated that the First Amendment to the US Constitution, in its guarantee of religious freedom, means that a religious body should “be free to choose those who will guide it on its way.”
Writing for the court, Chief Justice John Roberts explained that the government’s interest in preventing discrimination is important. “But so too is the interest of religious groups in choosing who will preach their beliefs, teach their faith, and carry out their mission.”
The case upholds the legal tradition the “ministerial exception”—the understanding that secular courts should not judge the standards by which religious bodies select their own ministers. The January 11 ruling left unsettled the related question of which employees of religious institutions may accurately be described as ministers rather than ordinary employees.
The Obama administration, arguing for the plaintiff in the Hosanna-Tabor case, had taken an aggressive stand in favor of government intervention in the affairs of religious bodies. During oral arguments in October, Justice Stephen Breyer had observed that the government’s argument seemed to allow for a discrimination case against the Catholic Church, for excluding women from priestly ordination.
- Supreme Court keeps church job-bias disputes out of court, but leaves unanswered questions (AP)
- Hosanna-Tabor Evangelical Lutheran Church and School v. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission et al (Full text of Supreme Court decision)
- Supreme Court Sides with Church in Landmark First Amendment Ruling (Beckett Fund)
- Supreme Court case could affect suits against Church for discrimination (CWN, 9/22/11)
- US Supreme Court discusses all-male Catholic priesthood (CWN, 10/7/11)
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Posted by: frjpharrington3912 -
Jan. 12, 2012 1:06 AM ET USA
The unanimous decision of the Court in favor of the "ministerial exception" affirms freedom of religion to be a fundamental human right. It is an inalienable right by virtue of the fact that it derives from God and not man and for this reason it transcends the authority of the government to intrude upon the freedom to express itself. That the Supreme Court unanimously agreed the proper role of government in matters religious is to affirm and protect not regulate is heartwarming.
Posted by: Wolf of Gubbio -
Jan. 11, 2012 7:39 PM ET USA
Good. Obama and his minions need to BACK OFF! Like NOW.