Vatican paper explores history of Vatican ties with 1930s Spanish Republic
June 08, 2011
The Vatican newspaper has published an account of the troubled diplomatic relationship between the Holy See and the Spanish Republic in the 1930s, based on documents from the Vatican archives.
Although the Republic showed signs of animosity toward the Catholic Church from its earliest days, the Vatican maintained diplomatic relations with Spain until 1938. But the account in L’Osservatore Romano shows that the Secretary of State, Cardinal Eugenio Pacelli—the future Pope Pius XII—was uneasy with the Republic long before the outbreak of the Spanish civil war and its violent anti-Catholic manifestations.