A trough lined with cement or stone in which grapes would be deposited to be converted into wine (Judges 6:11). A hole in the bottom permitted the juice to escape into a vat below. Men trod on the grapes barefooted, holding onto overhead ropes. Winepresses are mentioned in both Old and New Testaments (Matthew 21:33). One of the symbolic predictions of Christ's passion and Death (Isaiah 63:2).