A modern dictionary of Catholic terms, both common and obscure. Find accurate definitions of words and phrases.
"To be avoided." The most severe form of excommunication, seldom imposed and only then expressly by the Holy See. It means that, as a remedial measure, the faithful are not to associate with the person "except in the case of husband and wife, parents, children, servants, subjects," and in general unless there is some reasonable excusing cause.
All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.