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Catholic Dictionary




Violating the property of another in some unfair manner without deriving any advantage from the harm caused. The obligation to undo the damage caused binds under the following conditions: 1. the act of damage must be unjust in the strict sense; 2. the action must be the real and effective cause of the damage, so that a accidental cause would not require restitution; 3. the harmful action must be formally sinful, i.e., deliberately unjust.