We must raise $773 by March 31st to pay critical bills. Essential to continue our mission. Donate now!
Click here to advertise on CatholicCulture.org

Dictionary

A modern dictionary of Catholic terms, both common and obscure. Find accurate definitions of words and phrases.

Search:

Or browse the dictionary by selecting a letter!
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

TEMPLARS, THE KNIGHTS

The first and most powerful of the military orders founded in 1118 for the defense of Jerusalem. Ten years later, they were approved by the Church and placed under the Pope's immediate jurisdiction. They followed the Benedictine Rule, taking the usual three vows and an additional crusader's vow. As dauntless fighters and fervent religious, they drew many to their ranks. Many died as martyrs. Difficulties with the clergy and internal dissensions caused King Philip the Fair of France to organize a crusade against them. Pope Clement V's approval for this crusade was then dishonestly secured. The Knights were tried for heresy and sacrilege, and their grand master was burned alive by order of Philip. In 1312 the Pope decreed the dissolution of the order but without condemning its members. It was mainly the greed of Philip IV that brought on the suppression of the Templars.

All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.

Subscribe for free
Click here to advertise on CatholicCulture.org
Shop Amazon

Recent Catholic Commentary

Insights on the enigma that is Pope Francis 24 hours ago
Our Most Characteristic Vice? March 27
Recognizing the Noonday Devil March 27
Patricia Jannuzzi on gay activists: And the real problem is? March 27
Surrogate parenthood = exploitation of desperate women March 27

Top Catholic News

Most Important Stories of the Last 30 Days
Pope announces Jubilee: a Year of Mercy CWN - March 13