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Catholic Dictionary

Term

SEVEN SACRAMENTS

Definition

The seven rites instituted by Christ to confer the grace they signify, namely baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, orders, matrimony, and anointing of the sick. The number and names of the sacraments and their substantial institution by Christ (purpose and essential ritual) were defined on March 3, 1547, by the Council of Trent (Denzinger 1601).