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Catholic Dictionary




A party of Hussites, also called Utraquists, who contended that the laity must receive Communion under both species, i.e., under the form of bread and also from the chalice (calix). They received ecclesiastical approval at the Prague Compacts of 1433, eighteen years after the death of John Hus (1369-1415), a Bohemian priest who was condemned by the Council of Constance and burned at the stake for heresy. Not all Calixtines, however, were heretics. They could be Catholics who took advantage of the Church's concession to receive the chalice but also believed that Holy Communion under both forms was not necessary for salvation.