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Catechism of the Catholic Church

IV. "I WANT TO SEE GOD"

2548 Desire for true happiness frees man from his immoderate attachment to the goods of this world so that he can find his fulfillment in the vision and beatitude of God. "The promise [of seeing God] surpasses all beatitude.... In Scripture, to see is to possess.... Whoever sees God has obtained all the goods of which he can conceive." 344

2549 It remains for the holy people to struggle, with grace from on high, to obtain the good things God promises. In order to possess and contemplate God, Christ's faithful mortify their cravings and, with the grace of God, prevail over the seductions of pleasure and power.

2550 On this way of perfection, the Spirit and the Bride call whoever hears them 345 to perfect communion with God:

There will true glory be, where no one will be praised by mistake or flattery; true honor will not be refused to the worthy, nor granted to the unworthy; likewise, no one unworthy will pretend to be worthy, where only those who are worthy will be admitted. There true peace will reign, where no one will experience opposition either from self or others. God himself will be virtue's reward; he gives virtue and has promised to give himself as the best and greatest reward that could exist.... "I shall be their God and they will be my people...." This is also the meaning of the Apostle's words: "So that God may be all in all." God himself will be the goal of our desires; we shall contemplate him without end, love him without surfeit, praise him without weariness. This gift, this state, this act, like eternal life itself, will assuredly be common to all. 346

IN BRIEF:

2551 "Where your treasure is, there will your heart be also" (Mt 6:21).

2552 The tenth commandment forbids avarice arising from a passion for riches and their attendant power.

2553 Envy is sadness at the sight of another's goods and the immoderate desire to have them for oneself. It is a capital sin.

2554 The baptized person combats envy through good-will, humility, and abandonment to the providence of God.

2555 Christ's faithful "have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires" (Gal 5:24); they are led by the Spirit and follow his desires.

2556 Detachment from riches is necessary for entering the Kingdom of heaven. "Blessed are the poor in spirit."

2557 "I want to see God" expresses the true desire of man. Thirst for God is quenched by the water of eternal life (cf. Jn 4:14).

NOTES:

1 Jn 13:34.

2 Mk 12:29-31; cf. Deut 6:4-5; Lev 19:18; Mt 22:34-40; Lk 10:25-28.

3 Rom 13:8-10.

4 Ex 20:12; Deut 5:16.

5 Lk 2:51.

6 Mk 7:8-13.

7 Eph 6:1-3; cf. Deut 5:16.

8 Ex 20:12; Deut 5:16.

9 FC 21; cf. LG 11.

10 Cf. Eph 5:21b: 4; Col 3:18-21; I Pet 3:1-7.

11 GS 52 § 1.

12 Jas 1:27.

13 Cf. GS 47 § 1.

14 GS 52 § 2.

15 Cf. FC 46.

16 Cf. Eph 3:14.

17 Cf. Prov 1:8; Tob 4:3-4.

18 Cf. Ex 20:12.

19 Sir 7:27-28.

20 Prov 6:20-22.

21 Prov 13:1.

22 Col 3:20; Cf. Eph 6:1.

23 Cf. Mk 7:10-12.

24 Sir 3:2-6.

25 Sir 3:12-13, 16.

26 Prov 17:6.

27 Eph 4:2.

28 2 Tim 1:5.

29 GE 3.

30 Cf. FC 36.

31 CA 36 § 2.

32 Sir 30:1-2.

33 Eph 6:4.

34 LG 11 § 2.

35 Cf. LG 11.

36 Cf. GS 48 § 4.

37 Cf. Mt 18:21-22; Lk 17:4.

38 Cf. GE 6.

39 Mt 10:37; cf. 16:25.

40 Mt 12:49.

41 Mt 20:26.

42 Cf. CA 25.

43 Cf. Rom 13:1-2.

44 I Pet 2:13, 16.

45 Rom 13:7.

46 Ad Diognetum 5, 5 and 10; 6, 10: PG 2, 1173 and 1176.

47 I Tim 2:2.

48 Mt 22:21.

49 Acts 5:29.

50 GS 74 § 5.

51 Cf. CA 45; 46.

52 GS 76 § 3.

53 GS 76 § 5.

54 Ex 20:13; Cf. Deut 5:17.

55 Mt 5:21-22.

56 CDF, instruction, Donum vitae, intro. 5.

57 Cf. Gen 4:8-12.

58 Gen 4:10-11.

59 Gen 9:5-6.

60 Cf. Lev 17:14.

61 Ex 23:7.

62 Mt 5:21.

63 Cf. Mt 5:22-39; 5:44.

64 Cf. Mt 26:52.

65 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh II-II, 64, 7, corp. art.

66 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh II-II, 64, 7, corp. art.

67 Cf. Lk 23:40-43.

NT John Paul II, Evangelium vitae 56.

68 John Paul II, Evangelium vitae 56.

69 Cf. Gen 4:10.

70 Cf. GS 51 § 3.

71 Cf. Am 8:4-10.

72 Cf. CDF, Donum vitae I, 1.

73 Jer 1:5; cf. Job 10:8-12; Ps 22:10-11.

74 Ps 139:15.

75 Didache 2, 2: SCh 248, 148; cf. Ep. Barnabae 19, 5: PG 2, 777; Ad Diognetum 5, 6: PG 2, 1173; Tertullian, Apol. 9: PL 1, 319-320.

76 GS 51 § 3.

77 CIC, can. 1398.

78 CIC, can. 1314.

79 Cf. CIC, cann. 1323-1324.

80 CDF, Donum vitae III.

81 CDF, Donum vitae III.

82 CDF, Donum vitae I, 2.

83 CDF, Donum vitae I, 3.

84 CDF, Donum vitae I, 5.

85 CDF, Donum vitae I, 6.

86 Mt 18:6; Cf. I Cor 8:10-13.

87 Cf. Mt 7:15.

88 Pius XII, Discourse, June 1, 1941.

89 Cf. Eph 6:4; Col. 3:21.

90 Lk 17:1.

91 Cf. DS 3722.

92 Cf. Tob 1:16-18.

93 Cf. CIC, can. 1176 § 3.

94 Mt 5:21.

95 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh II-II, 158, 1 ad 3.

96 Mt 5:22.

97 Mt 5:44-45.

98 St. Augustine, De civ. Dei, 19, 13, 1: PL 41, 640.

99 Cf. Isa 32:17; cf. GS 78 §§ 1-2.

100 Isa 9:5.

101 Eph 2:16 J.B.; cf. Col 1:20-22.

102 Eph 2:14.

103 Mt 5:9.

104 Cf. GS 78 § 5.

105 Cf. GS 81 § 4.

106 GS 79 § 4.

107 Cf. GS 79 § 5.

108 Cf. GS 79 § 3.

109 GS 79 § 4.

110 GS 80 § 3.

111 Cf. Paul VI, PP 53.

112 GS 78 § 6; cf. Isa 2:4.

113 Ex 20:14; Deut 5:18.

114 Mt 5:27-28.

115 FC 11.

116 Gen 1:27.

117 Gen 1:28.

118 Gen 5:1-2.

119 FC 22; Cf. GS 49 § 2.

120 MD 6.

121 Gen 2:24.

122 Cf. Gen 4:1-2, 25-26; 5:1.

123 Mt 5:27-28.

124 Cf. Mt 19:6.

125 Cf. Mt 5:37.

126 Cf. Sir 1:22.

127 GS 17.

128 St. Augustine, Conf. 10, 29, 40: PL 32, 796.

129 Cf. Titus 2:1-6.

130 FC 34.

131 GS 25 § 1.

132 Cf. Gal 5:22.

133 Cf. I Jn 3:3.

134 Cf. Jn 15:15.

135 Gal 3:27.

136 CDF, Persona humana 11.

137 St. Ambrose, De viduis 4, 23: PL 16, 255A.

138 CDF, Persona humana 9.

139 CDF, Persona humana 9.

140 Cf. I Cor 6:15-20.

141 Cf. Gen 19:1-29; Rom 1:24-27; I Cor 6:10; I Tim 1:10.

142 CDF, Persona humana 8.

143 FC 11.

144 Tob 8:4-9.

145 GS 49 § 2.

146 Pius XII, Discourse, October 29,1951.

147 GS 48 § 1.

148 Cf. CIC, can. 1056.

149 Mk 10:9; cf. Mt 19:1-12; I Cor 7:10-11.

150 St. John Chrysostom, Hom. in Eph. 20, 8: PG 62, 146-147.

151 FC 30.

152 HV 11.

153 HV 12; cf. Pius XI, encyclical, Casti connubii.

154 Cf. Eph 3:14; Mt 23:9.

155 GS 50 § 2.

156 GS 51 § 3.

157 Cf. HV 12.

158 HV 16.

159 HV 14.

160 FC 32.

161 GS 51 § 4.

162 Cf. HV 23; PP 37.

163 Cf. GS 50 § 2.

164 Gen 15:2.

165 Gen 30:1.

166 CDF, Donum vitae intro., 2.

167 CDF, Donum vitae II, 1.

168 CDF, Donum vitae II, 5.

169 CDF, Donum vitae II, 4.

170 CDF, Donum vitae II, 8.

171 Cf. Mt 5:27-28.

172 Cf. Mt 5:32; 19:6; Mk 10:11; I Cor 6:9-10.

173 Cf. Hos 2:7; Jer 5:7; 13:27.

174 Cf. Mt 5:31-32; 19:3-9; Mk 10:9; Lk 16:18; I Cor 7:10-ll.

175 Cf. Mt 19:7-9.

176 CIC, can. 1141.

177 Cf. CIC, cann. 1151-1155.

178 St. Basil, Moralia 73, 1: PG 31, 849-852.

179 Cf. FC 84.

180 FC 19; cf. GS 47 § 2.

181 Cf. Lev 18:7-20.

182 I Cor 5:1, 4-5.

183 Cf. FC 81.

184 CDF, Persona humana 7.

185 Cf. FC 80.

186 Ex 20:15; Deut 5:19; Mt 19:18.

187 Cf. Gen 1:26-29.

188 GS 69 § 1.

189 Cf. GS 71 § 4; SRS 42; CA 40; 48.

190 2 Cor 8:9.

191 Cf. GS 69 § 1.

192 Cf. Deut 25:13-16; 24:14-15; Jas 5:4; Am 8:4-6.

193 Lk 19:8.

194 Philem 16.

195 Cf. Gen 128-31.

196 Cf. CA 37-38.

197 Cf. Mt 6:26; Dan 3:79-81.

198 Cf. Gen 2:19-20; 9:1-4.

199 GS 23 § 1.

200 GS 76 § 5.

201 Cf. CA 3.

202 Cf. SRS 1; 41.

203 Cf. CA 24.

204 Cf. GS 63 § 3; LE 7; 20; CA 35.

205 GS 65 § 2.

206 Mt 6:24; Lk 16:13.

207 Cf. CA 10; 13; 44.

208 CA 34.

209 Cf. GS 64.

210 Cf. Gen 1:28; GS 34; CA 31.

211 2 Thess 3:10; Cf. I Thess 4:11.

212 Cf. Gen 3:14-19.

213 Cf. LE 27.

214 Cf. LE 6.

215 Cf. CA 32; 34.

216 Cf. LE 11.

217 CA 48.

218 Cf. CA 37.

219 Cf. LE 19; 22-23.

220 Cf. CA 48.

221 Cf. Lev 19:13; Deut 24:14-15; Jas 5:4

222 GS 67 § 2.

223 Cf. LE 18.

224 Cf. SRS 14.

225 SRS 9.

226 Cf. SRS 17; 45.

227 CA 28; Cf. 35.

228 Cf. SRS 16.

229 Cf. CA 26.

230 Cf. SRS 32; CA 51.

231 SRS 47 § 6; cf. 42.

232 Mt 5:42; 10:8.

233 Cf. Mt 25:31-36.

234 Mt 11:5; cf. Lk 4:18.

235 CA 57; cf. Lk 6:20-22, Mt 8:20; Mk 12:41-44.

236 Eph 4:28.

237 Cf. CA 57.

238 Jas 5:1-6.

239 St. John Chrysostom, Hom. in Lazaro 2, 5: PG 48, 992.

240 AA 8 § 5.

241 St. Gregory the Great, Regula Pastoralis. 3, 21: PL 77, 87.

242 Cf. Isa 58:6-7; Heb 13:3.

243 Cf. Mt 25:31-46.

244 Cf. Tob 4:5-11; Sir 17:22; Mt 6:2-4.

245 Lk 3:11.

246 Lk 11:41.

247 Jas 2:15-16; cf. I Jn 3:17.

248 CDF, instruction, Libertatis conscientia, 68.

249 Deut 15:11.

250 Jn 12:8.

251 Am 8:6; cf. Mt 25:40.

252 P. Hansen, Vita mirabilis (Louvain, 1668).

253 Ex 20:16; Cf. Deut 5:20.

254 Mt 5:33.

255 Ps 119:90; Cf. Prov 8:7; 2 Sam 7:28; Ps 119:142; Lk 1:50.

256 Rom 3:4; Cf. Ps 119:30.

257 Jn 1:14; 8:12; Cf. 14:6.

258 Jn 12:46.

259 Jn 8:32; Cf. 17:17.

260 Jn 16:13.

261 Mt 5:37.

262 DH 2 § 2.

263 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh II-II 109, 3 ad 1.

264 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh II-II, 109, 3, corp. art.

265 I Jn 1:6.

266 Jn 18:37.

267 2 Tim 1:8.

268 Acts 24:16.

269 Cf. Mt 18:16.

270 AG 11.

271 St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Rom. 4, 1: SCh 10, 110.

272 St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Rom. 6, 1-2 SCh 10, 114.

273 Martyrium Polycarpi 14, 2-3 PG 5, 1040; SCh 10, 228.

274 Eph 4:24.

275 Eph 4:25; I Pet 2:1.

276 Cf. Prov 19:9.

277 Cf. Prov 18:5.

278 Cf. CIC, can. 220.

279 Cf. Sir 21:28.

280 St. Ignatius of Loyola, Spiritual Exercises, 22.

281 St. Augustine, De mendacio 4, 5: PL 40: 491.

282 Jn 8:44.

283 Cf. Sir 27:16; Prov 25:9-10.

284 CIC, Can. 983 § 1.

285 Cf. IM 11.

286 IM 5 § 2.

287 IM 8.

288 IM 12.

289 IM 12 § 2.

290 Wis 13:3, 5.

291 Wis 7:25-26.

292 Wis 7:29-30.

293 Wis 8:2.

294 Gen 1:26.

295 Cf. Wis 7:16-17

296 Cf. Pius XII, Musicae sacrae disciplina; Discourses of September 3 and December 25, 1950.

297 Heb 1:3; Col 2:9.

298 Cf. SC 122-127.

299 Ex 20:17.

300 Mt 5:28.

301 Cf. I Jn 2:16.

302 Cf. Gal 5:16, 17, 24; Eph 2:3.

303 Cf. Gen 3:11; Council of Trent: DS 1515.

304 John Paul II, DeV 55; cf. Gal 5:25.

305 Mt 15:19.

306 Pastor Hermae, Mandate 2, 1: PG 2, 916.

307 Mt 5:8.

308 Cf. I Tim 4:3-9; 2 Tim 2:22.

309 Cf. I Thess 4:7; Col 3:5; Eph 4:19.

310 Cf. Titus 1:15; I Tim 1:3-4; 2 Tim 2:23-26.

311 St. Augustine, De fide et symbolo 10, 25: PL 40, 196.

312 Cf. I Cor 13:12; I Jn 3:2.

313 Cf. Rom 12:2; Col 1:10.

314 Wis 15:5.

315 St. Augustine, Conf. 6, 11, 20: PL 32, 729-730.

316 GS 58 § 4.

317 Ex 20:17; Deut 5:21.

318 Mt 6:21.

319 Cf. I Jn 2:16; Mic 2:2.

320 Cf. Wis 14:12.

321 Roman Catechism, III, 37; cf. Sir 5:8.

322 Roman Catechism, III, 37.

323 Cf. 2 Sam 12:14.

324 Cf. Gen 4:3-7; I Kings 21:1-29.

325 Wis 2:24.

326 St. John Chrysostom, Hom. in 2 Cor. 27, 3-4 PG 61, 588.

327 Cf. St. Augustine, De catechizandis rudibus 4, 8: PL 40, 315-316.

328 St. Gregory the Great, Moralia in Job 31, 45: PL 76, 621.

329 St. John Chrysostom, Hom. in Rom. 71, 5: PG 60, 448.

330 Gen 3:6.

331 Cf. Rom 7:7.

332 Rom 7:23; cf. 7:10.

333 Rom 3:21-22.

334 Gal 5:24; cf. Rom 8:14, 27.

335 Lk 14:33; cf. Mk 8:35.

336 Cf. Lk 21:4.

337 LG 42 § 3.

338 Mt 5:3.

339 Cf. Lk 6:20.

340 St. Gregory of Nyssa, De beatitudinibus 1: PG 44, 1200D; cf. 2 Cor 8:9.

341 Lk 6:24.

342 St. Augustine, De serm. Dom. in monte 1, 1, 3: PL 34, 1232.

343 Cf. Mt 6:25-34.

344 St. Gregory of Nyssa, De beatitudinibus 6: PG 44, 1265A.

345 Cf. Rev 22:17.

346 St. Augustine, De civ. Dei, 22, 30: PL 41, 801-802; cf. Lev 26:12; cf. 1 Cor 15:28.

Notes:

344 St. Gregory of Nyssa, De beatitudinibus 6: PG 44, 1265A.

345 Cf. Rev 22:17.

346 St. Augustine, De civ. Dei, 22, 30: PL 41, 801-802; cf. Lev 26:12; cf. 1 Cor 15:28.

English Translation of the Cathechism of the Catholic Church for the United States of America © 1997, United States Catholic Conference, Inc.

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