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Catholic Dictionary




A name of comprehensive treatises in theology and philosophy, written during the early and later Middle Ages. Their authors are called summists (Latin summa, compendium). Among the most famous wer Sic et Non, by Peter Abelard (1079-1142); Libri Quattuor Sententiarum, by Peter Lombard (1100-60); Summa Sententiarum, by Hugo of St. Victor (1096-1141); Summa Aurea, by William of Auxerre (d. 1231); Summa Universae Theologiae, by Alexander of Hales (1170-1245) and his fellow Franciscans; Summa de Creaturis, by St. Albert the Great (1200-80); Summa contra Gentiles and Summa Theologica, by St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-74).