Catholic Recipe: Speculaas or Speculatius IV
Also Called: Speculaas, Speculaus, St. Nicholas Cookies, Kris Kringle Cookies, Dutch spice cookies
It is difficult to separate fact from legend in a story as old as that of St. Nicholas. We do know that he was bishop of Myra on the south coast of Turkey in the fourth century. He was imprisoned for his faith and some say martyred during the reign of Diocletian, the Roman Emperor. He was always kind to young people and became the patron saint of children, merchants and sailors, as well as of Russia. The best-known story about St. Nicholas tells how he provided money for dowries for three poor sisters so that they might be happily married. It is believed he died on 6 December in AD 326 and this day is commemorated each year in many countries.
In Germany, Holland, Switzerland and France St. Nicholas visits children on his day. In some countries he is known by his nickname 'Santa Claus.' In Germany he appears in schools and will throw sweets or biscuits (cookies) called pernoten for the children to gather. The festival of St. Nicholas is seen as a community celebration, whereas Christmas is a family time. St. Nicholas, dressed in bishop's robes, asks the children questions about the Christmas story and whether they have been good or bad throughout the year. His companion, Black Peter, writes down the names of any children not knowing te right answers or who have been naughty. They are then urged to put the matter right before Christmas.
In Holland St. Nicholas and Black Peter arrive by steamer at the port of Amsterdam. St. Nicholas rides a white horse and, followed by a procession of excited children, visits the town and gives presents to the children. In Dutch homes on St. Nicholas' Eve the children wait with mounting excitement for the doorbell to ring. This is the signal for them to rush to the door to find the basket of presents which he has left on the step. In France St. Nicholas travels by donkey and the children leave hay beside the fireplace as a treat for the animal. St. Nicholas' favourite drink, and therefore always part of the celebrations, is hot chocolate. In Germany he is given honey cake (see link) and in Holland they bake a marvellous St. Nicholas' cake of puff pastry filled with marzipan and nuts (see link). In the places where St. Nicholas calls there is always a large tray of assorted biscuits (cookies) ready for him and any other visitors that might call during the Advent season.
1. Rub the butter into the flour.
2. Cream the egg with the sugar, and add to the flour and butter mixture.
3. Add the spices and mix together gently.
4. Cut into shapes and put on to a greased baking tray.
5. Bake in oven at 350 degrees for 10 minutes or until golden brown.
6. Cool and store in an airtight container. The biscuits will keep for several weeks.Recipe Source: Feasting for Festivals by Jan Wilson, Lion Publishing Corporation, Batavia, Illinois, 1990