Ordinary Time: June 27th
Optional Memorial of St. Cyril of Alexandria, bishop and doctor
Old Calendar: Our Lady of Perpetual Help (Hist)
St. Cyril, Patriarch of Alexandria, one of the metropolitan sees of the Christian Church in the east, was one of the great defenders of the faith against the heresy of Nestorius who denied the oneness of person in Jesus Christ. At the Council of Ephesus in 431, over which he presided in the Pope's name, and at his instigation, it was defined that Christ, the Son of God, is at the same time God and man, and the Blessed Virgin Mary, His mother, is truly the Mother of God. St. Cyril died in 444. The Church venerates him as one of her great doctors. His commentary on the Gospel of St. John is one of the richest doctrinally of those left us by the Fathers of the Church.According to the 1962 Missal of Bl. John XXIII the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite, the feast of St. Cyril of Alexandria is celebrated on February 9.
St. Cyril of Alexandria
St. Cyril is one of the great Greek fathers of the Church. He was chosen by divine Providence to be the shield and champion of the Church against Nestorius, who denied the unity of person in Christ. If this heresy had succeeded, Mary would not be called the Mother of God.
Excerpted from The Church's Year of Grace, Pius Parsch
In 1881, he was declared a Doctor of the Church by Pope Leo XIII, and in 1944, on the fifteenth centenary of Cyril's death, Pope Pius XII issued his encyclical Orientalis Ecclesiae, commemorating Cyril's place in the history of the Church. Excerpted from The One Year Book of Saints by Rev. Clifford StevensPatron: Alexandria; Egypt.Symbols: Shown holding a pen; with the Blessed Virgin Mary holding the Child Jesus.Things to Do:
- Read Pope Pius XII encyclical, Orientalis Ecclesiae (On St. Cyril, Patriarch Of Alexandria).
- Read some excerpts from the writings of St. Cyril at the Crossroads Initiative.
- St. Cyril lived in the fifth century and combated the heresy of Nestorius, who denied the union between the humanity and divinity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, and thus, the divine motherhood of the Blessed Virgin Mary. (See Catechism of the Catholic Church 466) Read what the Catholic Encyclopedia says about Nestorius and Nestorianism.
Our Lady of Perpetual Help
Our Lady of Perpetual Help (or of Perpetual Succour) is a Byzantine icon from the late middle ages and has resided in Rome since the late 1400s. The Eastern Catholics call it "Holy Theotokos of the Passion."
- Visit the Redemptorists' site and read the History of the Icon.
- Make virtual pilgrimage to Our Lady of Perpetual Help Shrine.
- Visit Our Lady of Perpetual Help Radio site to see an explanation of the symbols of the Icon.
- See also Women for Faith & Family page on Our Lady of Perpetual Help.
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