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Any anointing with oil with a religious purpose; whether in the actual conferring of a sacrament, as in confirmation and anointing of the sick; or as part of the sacrament's ceremony, as in baptism and holy orders;; and in using a sacramental, such as the oil of St. Serapion, the martyr. (Etym. Latin unctio, from unguere, to anoint.)
All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.