Click here to advertise on CatholicCulture.org

Dictionary

A modern dictionary of Catholic terms, both common and obscure. Find accurate definitions of words and phrases.

Search:

Or browse the dictionary by selecting a letter!
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

TEMPLE (biblical)

The world center of Jewish religion in Jerusalem. The original temple was built by Solomon in the tenth century (II Chronicles 1-5). It lasted three hundred fifty years before the Babylonians destroyed it (II Kings 25:9). In 516 B.C. a more modest temple was erected by Zerubbabel (Ezra 5:2). Herod rebuilt and improved it in 20 B.C. but again it was destroyed, this time by the Romans in A.D. 70. For over a thousand years it was the center of religious life for Jews all over the world. A number of incidents in Jesys' life took place in the Temple. His parents brought him there as an infant for the purification ceremony at which Simeon knew him to be the Messiah (Luke 2:22-35). Annually his parents visited Jerusalem for the Passover. On his twelfth birthday occurred the incident when they found him in the Temple "listening to the doctors and questioning them" (Luke 2:41-50). During his public ministry he and his disciples regularly visited the Temple and taught there. (Etym. Latin templum, sanctuary, space marked for observation by an augur.)

All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.

Fall 2014 Campaign
Subscribe for free
Shop Amazon
Click here to advertise on CatholicCulture.org

Recent Catholic Commentary

Denial of Service Attack: Success! December 19
Federal debt as a social-justice concern December 19
Another side of Francis: US-Cuba role shows Pope's diplomatic muscle December 18
Silly season: a Christmas approaches, a scholar questions whether Jesus ever existed December 18
The intrinsic immorality of torture: still not convinced? December 18

Top Catholic News

Most Important Stories of the Last 30 Days
Pope Francis: Europe seems 'elderly and haggard' CWN - November 25
Pope Francis, Ecumenical Patriarch sign joint declaration, lament persecution of Christians CWN - December 1
Consistory for new cardinals scheduled for February CWN - December 11
Vatican report on US women religious calls for further self-assessment CWN - December 16
Pope brokered deal to open US-Cuba ties CWN - December 17