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Catholic Dictionary




Another name for theology. It is concerned with faith in the objective sense of "that which is believed" and in the subjective sense of "that by which a person believes." Theology accepts Scripture and tradition as the remote rule of faith, and the doctrines of the Church as the proximate rule of faith. But as a science of faith, it seeks by human reason to establish the foundations of faith, to penetrate into the meaning of the mysteries of faith, to show that faith is consistent with reason, and to defend the faith against those who deny the truths of Christianity.