Click here to advertise on CatholicCulture.org

Dictionary

A modern dictionary of Catholic terms, both common and obscure. Find accurate definitions of words and phrases.

Search:

Or browse the dictionary by selecting a letter!
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

SAUL

The son of Kish; he ruled Israel as its first king for twenty years about the year 1000 B.C. He was a tall, handsome, impressive man in appearance (I Samuel 9:2-3), but his complex personality brought him trouble. When the people of Israel begged Samuel, their highly respected prophet and judge, to get them a king in order to protect their security, Samuel consulted Yahweh, who recommended Saul (I Samuel 8-10). At first he proved very successful because of his military achievements (I Samuel 11:14-15), but he did not show respect or obedience to Yahweh, and Samuel, who had gained the kingship for him, became disenchanted. Instead, he encouraged the advancement of Saul's son-in-law, David, and even secretly anointed him as the future king (I Samuel 13:8-15). Saul became insanely jealous of David and several times tried to have him killed. Ironically, both Saul's daughter, Michal, who was married to David (I Samuel 19:11-12), and Jonathan, his son, sided with the young man against their father and did everything possible to protect David from the maddened king (I Samuel 19:1-7). Finally, in a fierce battle between the Israelites and the Philistines, all three of Saul's sons were killed. Badly wounded, the king killed himself (I Samuel 31:1-6). This cleared the way for David to become King of Israel for the next forty years.

All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.

Subscribe for free
Click here to advertise on CatholicCulture.org

Recent Catholic Commentary

The Islamic roots of terrorism must be addressed 3 hours ago
Each of us is destined to marry Jesus Christ 20 hours ago
From simple husband to ascetical priest September 18
St. Augustine's warning to pastors September 18
Side effects of the Pill? Oh, don't worry. September 17

Top Catholic News

Most Important Stories of the Last 30 Days
Cardinals criticize Kasper proposal, escalating debate on remarriage/Communion CWN - 20 hours ago