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Catholic Dictionary




The Society of Mary, a congregation of men religious founded at Bordeaux in 1817 by the theologian William Joseph Chaminade (1761-1850). The society was recognized by Pope Pius IX in 1856, and again by Pope Leo XIII in 1891; the membership consists of priests and brothers. Specially engaged in education, on a secondary school and college level, they take the three customary vows plus a fourth vow of stability in their devotion to the Blessed Virgin. The Daughters of Mary (sometimes called Marianists) were established in 1816 and finally confirmed in 1888.