Click here to advertise on CatholicCulture.org

Dictionary

A modern dictionary of Catholic terms, both common and obscure. Find accurate definitions of words and phrases.

Search:

Or browse the dictionary by selecting a letter!
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

MANUSCRIPTS, ILLUMINATED

An art in which pages of handwriting are covered with painted ornaments in initial letters, borders, marginal decorations, and even full page paintings. The most ancient examples are found on papyruses of Greek and Macedonian artists. In the fifth century a certain style of illumination spread from the Eastern Christian convents to Armenia. Byzantine illumination reached its golden age in the ninth century, with all the Slavic countries showing its influence. The Book of Kells is a famous example of the perfection of the art in Ireland. The Irish monks brought their art to England and the Continent, where it flourished in the medieval monasteries. Flemish painters used real landscapes as backgrounds, and the human figure was faithfully portrayed. The invention of printing marked the end of this art.

All items in this dictionary are from Fr. John Hardon's Modern Catholic Dictionary, © Eternal Life. Used with permission.

Subscribe for free
Shop Amazon
Click here to advertise on CatholicCulture.org

Recent Catholic Commentary

Another Month Closer to God 3 hours ago
Links to the past 22 hours ago
Fetal tissues and vaccinations; are you part of the problem? July 30
The mystery of conversion, always deeply rooted in Divine mercy July 30
Vatican delegations ought to avoid the rhetoric of the world. July 30

Top Catholic News

Most Important Stories of the Last 30 Days