Catholic Dictionary

Term

KINGS, BOOKS OF

Definition

In the Douay Bible, translation of the Vulgate, there are four Books of Kings, corresponding to Samuel and Kings in the Hebrew Bible. The two Bibles and corresponding versions compare as follows:

Original Hebrew

Samuel

Kings

Vulgate and Douay

I and II Kings

III and IV Kings

Septuagint

Kingdoms A and B

Kingdoms C and D

Recent Versions

I and II Samuel

I and II Kings

The "Kings" are rulers of a united and divided Hebrew kingdom (c. 1040-561 B.C.). I Kings deals with Samuel, the last of the judges; the origin of the monarchy, and the first King, Saul. II Kings treats the reign of David. III Kings covers the reign of Solomon and the divided kingdom up to Elijah. IV Kings tells the rest of the history of Israel, to the Assyrian captivity, and the history of Judah to the Babylonian captivity.