A military leader in the Syrian army, ordered to invade Judah and destroy it (I Maccabees 3:38-39). Judas Maccabeus mustered an army and confronted the Syrians at Emmaus, defeating them decisively (I Maccabees 4:8-25). Gorgias regained the initiative, however, when he beat the Jews in a battle near Jamnia. Later he became the military commissioner for Idumaea and once again confronted his nemesis, Judas. He was not only defeated but barely escaped capture (II Maccabees 12:32-37).