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Catholic Dictionary

Term

FOUR TEMPERAMENTS

Definition

The four classic dispositions of human beings, traceable to Aristotle: namely, sanguine, melancholic, choleric, and lethargic or phlegmatic. While no person has exclusively any one of these temperaments, people generally have one or the other disposition as their dominant quality. Knowing this, they are better prepared to cope with their natural weaknesses and tendencies in the pursuit of spiritual perfection.