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Catholic Dictionary

Term

BALTIMORE, COUNCILS OF

Definition

Series of thirteen councils of American bishops, three plenary (1852-84) and ten provincial (1829-69), by which the Catholic Church in the United States was organized. The last of these councils, in 1884, decreed the preparation of the Baltimore Catechism, legislated Catholic education in Catholic schools, established the Catholic University of America, and determined the six holy days of obligation for the ecclesiastical year.