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Catechism of the Catholic Church

ARTICLE 4: THE FINAL DOXOLOGY

2855 The final doxology, "For the kingdom, the power and the glory are yours, now and forever," takes up again, by inclusion, the first three petitions to our Father: the glorification of his name, the coming of his reign, and the power of his saving will. But these prayers are now proclaimed as adoration and thanksgiving, as in the liturgy of heaven. 176 The ruler of this world has mendaciously attributed to himself the three titles of kingship, power, and glory. 177 Christ, the Lord, restores them to his Father and our Father, until he hands over the kingdom to him when the mystery of salvation will be brought to its completion and God will be all in all. 178

2856 "Then, after the prayer is over you say 'Amen,' which means 'So be it,' thus ratifying with our 'Amen' what is contained in the prayer that God has taught us." 179

IN BRIEF:

2857 In the Our Father, the object of the first three petitions is the glory of the Father: the sanctification of his name, the coming of the kingdom, and the fulfillment of his will. The four others present our wants to him: they ask that our lives be nourished, healed of sin, and made victorious in the struggle of good over evil.

2858 By asking "hallowed be thy name" we enter into God's plan, the sanctification of his name - revealed first to Moses and then in Jesus - by us and in us, in every nation and in each man.

2859 By the second petition, the Church looks first to Christ's return and the final coming of the Reign of God. It also prays for the growth of the Kingdom of God in the "today" of our own lives.

2860 In the third petition, we ask our Father to unite our will to that of his Son, so as to fulfill his plan of salvation in the life of the world.

2861 In the fourth petition, by saying "give us," we express in communion with our brethren our filial trust in our heavenly Father. "Our daily bread" refers to the earthly nourishment necessary to everyone for subsistence, and also to the Bread of Life: the Word of God and the Body of Christ. It is received in God's "today," as the indispensable, (super-) essential nourishment of the feast of the coming Kingdom anticipated in the Eucharist.

2862 The fifth petition begs God's mercy for our offences, mercy which can penetrate our hearts only if we have learned to forgive our enemies, with the example and help of Christ.

2863 When we say "lead us not into temptation" we are asking God not to allow us to take the path that leads to sin. This petition implores the Spirit of discernment and strength; it requests the grace of vigilance and final perseverance.

2864 In the last petition, "but deliver us from evil," Christians pray to God with the Church to show forth the victory, already won by Christ, over the "ruler of this world," Satan, the angel personally opposed to God and to his plan of salvation.

2865 By the final "Amen," we express our "fiat" concerning the seven petitions: "So be it."

NOTES:

1 Lk 11:1.

2 Cf. Lk 11:2-4.

3 Cf. Mt 6:9-13.

4 Didache 8, 2: SCh 248, 174.

5 Apostolic Constitutions, 7, 24, 1: PG 1,1016.

6 Titus 2:13; cf. Roman Missal 22, Embolism after the Lord's Prayer.

7 Tertullian, De orat. 1: PL 1, 1155.

8 Tertullian, De orat. 10: PL 1, 1165; cf. Lk 11:9.

9 St. Augustine, Ep. 130, 12, 22: PL 33, 503.

10 Cf. Lk 24:44.

11 Cf. Mt 5-7.

12 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh II-II, 83, 9.

13 Cf. Jn 17:7.

14 Cf. Mt 6:7; I Kings 18:26-29.

15 Jn 6:63.

16 Gal 4:6.

17 Rom 8:27.

18 Cf. Didache 8, 3: SCh 248, 174.

19 St. John Chrysostom, Hom. in Mt. 19, 4: PG 57, 278.

20 I Pet 1:23.

21 Cf. I Pet 2:1-10.

22 I Jn 3:2; Cf. Col 3:4.

23 I Cor 11:26.

24 Tertullian, De orat. 1:PL 1, 1251-1255.

25 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh II-II, 83, 9.

26 Ex 3:5.

27 Heb 1:3; 2:13.

28 St. Peter Chrysologus, Sermo 71, 3: PL 52, 401 CD; cf. Gal 4:6.

29 Cf. Eph 3:12; Heb 3:6; 4:16; 10:19; I Jn 2:28; 3:21; 5:14.

30 Mt 11:25-27.

31 Tertullian De orat. 3: PL 1, 1155.

32 Cf. Jn 1:1; I Jn 5:1.

33 Cf. I Jn 1:3.

34 St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Catech. myst. 3, 1: PG 33, 1088A.

35 St. Cyprian, De Dom. orat. 9: PL 4, 525A.

36 Cf. GS 22 § 1.

37 St. Ambrose, De Sacr. 5, 4, 19: PL 16:450-451.

38 St. Cyprian, De Dom. orat. 11 PL 4:526B.

39 St. John Chrysostom, De orat Dom. 3: PG 51, 44.

40 St. Gregory Of Nyssa, De orat. Dom. 2: PG 44, 1148B.

41 Mt 18:3.

42 Cf. Mt 11:25.

43 St. John Cassian, Coll. 9, 18 PL 49, 788c.

44 St. Augustine, De serm. Dom. in monte 2, 4, 16: PL 34, 1276.

45 Jn 1:17; Cf. Hos 2:21-22; 6:1-6.

46 Rev 21:7.

47 Cf. I Jn 5:1; Jn 3:5.

48 Rom 8:29; Cf. Eph 4:4-6.

49 Acts 4:32.

50 Cf. UR 8; 22.

51 Cf. Mt 5:23-24; 6:14-15.

52 Cf. NA 5.

53 Jn 11:52.

54 St. Augustine, De serm. Dom. in monte 2, 5, 18: PL 34, 1277.

55 St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Catech. myst. 5:11: PG 33, 1117.

56 Cf. Gen 3.

57 Jer 3:19-4:1a; Lk 15:18, 21.

58 Cf. Isa 45:8; Ps 85:12.

59 Jn 3:13; 12:32; 14:2-3; 16:28; 20:17; Eph 4:9-10; Heb 1:3; 2:13.

60 Eph 2:6; Col 3:3.

61 2 Cor 5:2; cf. Phil 3:20; Heb 13:14.

62 Ad Diognetum 5: PG 2, 1173.

63 Ps 42:7.

64 Cf. Lk 22:14; 12:50.

65 Cf. I Cor 15:28.

66 Cf. Ps 111:9; Lk 1:49.

67 Eph 1:9, 4.

68 Cf. Ps 8; Isa 6:3.

69 Ps 8:5; Rom 3:23; cf. Gen 1:26.

70 Col 3:10.

71 Cf. Heb 6:13.

72 Ex 15:1 cf. 3:14.

73 Cf. Ex 19:5-6.

74 Ezek 20:9, 14, 22, 39; cf. Lev 19:2.

75 Cf. Mt 1:21; Lk 1:31; Jn 8:28; 17:8; 17:17-19.

76 Jn 17:11, 19.

77 Cf. Ezek 20:39; 36:20-21; Jn 17:6.

78 Phil 2:9-11.

79 I Cor 6:11.

80 I Cor 1:30; cf. I Thess 4:7.

81 St. Cyprian De Dom. orat. 12: PL 4, 527A; Lev 20:26.

82 St. Peter Chrysologus, Sermo 71, 4: PL 52:402A; cf. Rom 2:24; Ezek 36:20-22.

83 Tertullian, De orat. 3: PL 1:1157A.

84 Cf. Jn 14:13; 15:16; 16:24, 26.

85 Jn 17:11.

86 St. Cyprian, De Dom. orat. 13 PL 4, 528A.

87 Tertullian, De orat. 5: PL 1,1159A; cf. Heb 4:11; Rev 6:9; 22:20.

88 Cf. Titus 2:13.

89 Roman Missal, Eucharistic Prayer IV, 118.

90 Rom 14:17.

91 Cf. Gal 5:16-25.

92 St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Catech. myst. 5, 13: PG 33, 1120A; cf. Rom 6:12.

93 Cf. GS 22; 32; 39; 45; EN 31.

94 Cf. Jn 17:17-20; Mt 5:13-16; 6:24; 7:12-13.

95 I Tim 2:3-4.

96 2 Pet 3:9; cf. Mt 18:14.

97 Jn 13:34; cf. I Jn 3; 4; Lk 10:25-37.

98 Eph 1:9-11.

99 Heb 10:7; Ps 40:7.

100 Jn 8:29.

101 Lk 22:42; cf. Jn 4:34; 5:30; 6:38.

102 Gal 1:4.

103 Heb 10:10.

104 Heb 5:8.

105 Cf. Jn 8:29.

106 Origen, De orat. 26 PG 11, 501B.

107 St. John Chrysostom, Hom. in Mt. 19, § PG 57, 280.

108 Rom 12:2; Cf. Eph 5:17; Cf. Heb 10:36.

109 Mt 7:21.

110 Jn 9:31; Cf. I Jn 5:14.

111 Cf. Lk 1:38, 49.

112 St. Augustine, De serm. Dom. 2, 6, 24: PL 34, 1279.

113 Mt 5:45.

114 Ps 104:27.

115 Cf. Mt 6:25-34.

116 Cf. 2 Thess 3:6-13.

117 St. Cyprian, De Dom. orat. 21 PL 4, 534A.

118 Cf. Lk 16:19-31; Mt 25:31-46.

119 Cf. AA 5.

120 Cf. 2 Cor 8:1-15.

121 Cf. St. Benedict Regula, 20, 48.

122 Attributed to St. Ignatius Loyola, cf. Joseph de Guibert, SJ, The Jesuits: Their Spiritual Doctrine and Practice, (Chicago: Loyola University Press, 1964), 148, n. 55.

123 Deut 8:3; Mt 4:4.

124 Am 8:11.

125 Cf. Jn 6:26-58.

126 Cf. Mt 6:34; Ex 16:19.

127 St. Ambrose, De Sacr. 5, 4, 26: PL 16, 453A; cf. Ps 2:7.

128 Cf. Ex 16:19-21.

129 Cf. I Tim 6:8.

130 St. Ignatius Of Antioch, Ad Eph. 20, 2: PG 5, 661; Jn 6:53-56.

131 St. Augustine, Sermo 57, 7: PL 38, 389.

132 St. Peter Chrysologus, Sermo 67 PL 52, 392; Cf. Jn 6:51.

133 Cf. Lk 15:11-32, 18:13.

134 Col 1:14; Eph 1:7.

135 Cf. Mt 26:28; Jn 20:23.

136 Cf. l Jn 4:20.

137 Cf. Mt 6:14-15; 5:23-24; Mk 11:25.

138 Mt 19:26.

139 Mt 5:48; Lk 6:36; Jn 13:34.

140 Cf. Gal 5:25; Phil 2:1,5.

141 Eph 4:32.

142 Cf. Jn 13:1.

143 Cf. Mt 18:23-35.

144 Cf. Mt 5:43-44.

145 Cf. 2 Cor 5:18-21; John Paul II, DM 14.

146 Cf. Mt 18:21-22; Lk 17:3-4.

147 Rom 13:8.

148 Cf. Mt 5:23-24; I Jn 3:19-24.

149 St. Cyprian, De Dom. orat. 23: PL 4, 535-536; cf. Mt 5:24.

150 Cf. Mt 26:41.

151 Jas 113.

152 Cf. Lk. 8:13-15; Acts 14:22; Rom 5:3-5; 2 Tim 3:12.

153 Cf. Jas 1:14-15.

154 Cf. Gen 3:6.

155 Origen, De orat. 29 PG 11, 544CD.

156 Mt 6:21, 24.

157 Gal 5:25.

158 I Cor 10:13.

159 Cf. Mt 4:1-11; 26:36-44.

160 Jn 17:11; Cf. Mk 13:9, 23, 33-37; 14:38; Lk 12:35-40.

161 Cf. I Cor 16:13; I Col 4:2; I Thess 5:6; I Pet 5:8.

162 Rev 16:15.

163 Jn 17:15.

164 Cf. RP 16.

165 Jn 8:44; Rev 12:9.

166 Roman Missal, Eucharistic Prayer IV, 125.

167 I Jn 5:18-19.

168 St. Ambrose, De Sacr. 5, 4, 30: PL 16, 454; cf. Rom 8:31.

169 Jn 14:30.

170 Jn 12:31; Rev 12:10.

171 Rev 12:13-16.

172 Rev 12:17.

173 Rev 22:17, 20.

174 Rev 1:8,18; cf. Rev 1:4; Eph 1:10.

175 Roman Missal, Embolism after the Lord's Prayer, 126: Libera nos, quaesumus, Domine, ab omnibus malis, da propitius pacem in diebus nostris, ut, ope misericordiae tuae adiuti, et a peccato simus semper liberi, et ab omni perturbatione securi: expectantes beatam spem et adventum Salvatoris nostri Iesu Christi.

176 Cf. Rev 1:6; 4:11; 5:13.

177 Cf. Lk 4:5-6.

178 I Cor 15:24-28.

English Translation of the Cathechism of the Catholic Church for the United States of America © 1997, United States Catholic Conference, Inc.

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