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Catechism of the Catholic Church

"AMEN"

1061 The Creed, like the last book of the Bible, 646 ends with the Hebrew word amen. This word frequently concludes prayers in the New Testament. The Church likewise ends her prayers with "Amen."

1062 In Hebrew, amen comes from the same root as the word "believe." This root expresses solidity, trustworthiness, faithfulness. And so we can understand why "Amen" may express both God's faithfulness towards us and our trust in him.

1063 In the book of the prophet Isaiah, we find the expression "God of truth" (literally "God of the Amen"), that is, the God who is faithful to his promises: "He who blesses himself in the land shall bless himself by the God of truth [amen]." 647 Our Lord often used the word "Amen," sometimes repeated, 648 to emphasize the trustworthiness of his teaching, his authority founded on God's truth.

1064 Thus the Creed's final "Amen" repeats and confirms its first words: "I believe." To believe is to say "Amen" to God's words, promises and commandments; to entrust oneself completely to him who is the "Amen" of infinite love and perfect faithfulness. The Christian's everyday life will then be the "Amen" to the "I believe" of our baptismal profession of faith:

May your Creed be for you as a mirror. Look at yourself in it, to see if you believe everything you say you believe. And rejoice in your faith each day. 649

1065 Jesus Christ himself is the "Amen." 650 He is the definitive "Amen" of the Father's love for us. He takes up and completes our "Amen" to the Father: "For all the promises of God find their Yes in him. That is why we utter the Amen through him, to the glory of God": 651

Through him, with him, in him,
in the unity of the Holy Spirit,
all glory and honor is yours,
almighty Father,
God, for ever and ever.
AMEN.

NOTES:

1 I Cor 12:3.

2 Gal 4:6.

3 St. Irenaeus, Dem. ap. 7: SCh 62, 41-42.

4 Jn 17:3.

5 St. Gregory of Nazianzus, Oratio theol., 5, 26 (= Oratio 31, 26): PG 36, 161-163.

6 Nicene Creed; see above, par. 465.

7 I Cor 2:11.

8 Jn 16:13.

9 Jn 14:17.

10 Cf. Gal 4:6.

11 Cf. Jn 3:34.

12 Jn 7:39.

13 Cf. Jn 17:22.

14 Cf. Jn 16:14.

15 St. Gregory of Nyssa, De Spiritu Sancto, 16: PG 45, 1321A-B.

16 Cf. Mt 28:19.

17 Jn 3:5-8.

18 Jn 14:16, 26; 15:26; 16:7.

19 Cf. I Jn 2:1.

20 Jn 16:13.

21 Cf. Gal 3:14; Eph 1:13.

22 Rom 8:15; Gal 4:6.

23 Rom 8:9.

24 2 Cor 3:17.

25 Rom 8:9, 14; 15:19; I Cor 6:11; 7:40.

26 I Pet 4:14.

27 I Cor 12:13.

28 Jn 19:34; I Jn 5:8.

29 Cf. Jn 4:10-14; 738; Ex 17:1-6; Isa 55:1; Zech 14:8; I Cor 10:4; Rev 21:6; 22:17.

30 Cf. I Jn 2:20:27; 2 Cor 1:21.

31 Cf. Ex 30:22-32; I Sam 16:13.

32 Cf. Lk 4:18-19; Isa 61:1.

33 Cf. Lk 2:11, 26-27.

34 Cf. Lk 4:1; 6:19; 8:46.

35 Cf. Rom 1:4; 8:11.

36 Eph 4:13; cf. Acts 2:36.

37 Sir 48:1; cf. I Kings 18:38-39.

38 Lk 1:17; 3:16.

39 Lk 12:49.

40 Acts 2:3-4.

41 Cf. St. John of the Cross, The Living Flame of Love, in The Collected Works of St. John of the Cross, tr. K. Kavanaugh, OCD, and O. Rodriguez, OCD (Washington DC: Institute of Carmelite Studies, 1979), 577 ff.

42 I Thess 5:19.

43 Cf. Ex 24:15-18.

44 Cf. Ex 33:9-10.

45 Cf. Ex 40:36-38; I Cor 10:1-2.

46 Cf. I Kings 8:10-12.

47 Lk 1:35.

48 Lk 9:34-35.

49 Cf. Acts 1:9; cf. Lk 21:27.

50 Jn 6:27; cf. 2 Cor 1:22; Eph 1:13; 4:30.

51 Cf. Mk 6:5; 8:23; 10:16.

52 Cf. Mk 16:18; Acts 5:12; 14:3.

53 Cf. Acts 8:17-19; 13:3; 19:6.

54 Cf. Heb 6:2.

55 Lk 11:20.

56 Ex 31:18; 2 Cor 3:3.

57 LH, Easter Season after Ascension, Hymn at Vespers: digitus paternae dexterae.

58 Cf. Gen 8:8-12.

59 Cf. Mt 3:16 and parallels.

60 Gal 4:4.

61 Cf. 2 Cor 3:14; Jn 5:39, 46.

62 Cf. Lk 24:44.

63 Cf. Ps 33:6; 104:30; Gen 1:2; 2:7; Eccl 3:20-21; Ezek 37:10.

64 Byzantine liturgy, Sundays of the second mode, Troparion of Morning Prayer.

65 St. Irenaeus, Dem ap. 11: SCh 62, 48-49.

66 Rom 3:23.

67 Cf. Jn 1:14; Phil 2:7.

68 Cf. Gen 18:1-15; Lk 1:26-38, 54-55; Jn 1:12-13; Rom 4:16-21.

69 Cf. Gen 12:3; Gal 3:16.

70 Cf. Jn 11:52.

71 Eph 1:13-14; cf. Gen 22:17-19; Lk 1:73; Jn 3:16; Rom 8:32; Gal 3:14.

72 Cf. Ex 19-20; Deut 1-11; 29-30.

73 Gal 3:24.

74 Cf. Rom 3:20.

75 Ex 19:5-6; Cf. I Pet 2:9.

76 Cf. 2 Sam 7; Ps 89; Lk 1:32-33.

77 Cf. Lk 24:26.

78 Isa 43:19.

79 Cf. Zeph 2:3; Lk 2:25, 38.

80 Jn 12:41; cf. Isa 6-12.

81 Isa 11:1-2.

82 Cf. Isa 42:1-9; cf. Mt 12:18-21; Jn 1:32-34; then cf. Isa 49:1-6; cf. Mt 3:17; Lk 2:32; finally cf. Isa 50:4-10 and Isa 52:13-53:12.

83 Phil 2:7.

84 Isa 61:1-2; cf. Lk 4:18-19.

85 Cf. Ezek 11:19; 36:25-28; 37:1-14; Jer 31:31-34; and cf. Joel 3:1-5.

86 Cf. Acts 2:17-21.

87 Cf. Zeph 2:3; Ps 22:27; 34:3; Isa 49:13; 61:1; etc.

88 Lk 1:17.

89 Jn 1:6.

90 Lk 1:15, 41.

91 Cf. Lk 1:68.

92 Mt 17:10-13; cf. Lk 1:78.

93 Lk 1:17.

94 Lk 7:26.

95 Cf. Mt 11:13-14.

96 Jn 1:23; cf. Isa 40:1-3.

97 Jn 1:7; cf. Jn 15:26; 5:35.

98 Cf. I Pet 1:10-12.

99 Jn 1:33-36.

100 Cf. Jn 3:5.

101 Cf. Prov 8:1-9:6; Sir 24.

102 Col 2:9.

103 Cf. Zeph 3:14; Zech 2:14.

104 Cf. Lk 1:46-55.

105 Cf. Lk 1:26-38; Rom 4:18-21; Gal 4:26-28.

106 Cf. Lk 1:15-19; Mt 2:11.

107 Cf. Lk 2:14.

108 Cf. Jn 19:25-27.

109 Acts 1:14.

110 Cf. Jn 6:27, 51, 62-63.

111 Cf. Jn 3:5-8.

112 Cf. Jn 4:10, 14, 23-24.

113 Cf. Jn 7:37-39.

114 Cf. Lk 11:13.

115 Cf. Mt 10:19-20.

116 Cf. Jn 14:16-17, 26; 15:26; 16:7-15; 17:26.

117 Cf. Jn 13:1; 17:1.

118 Cf. Lk 23:46; Jn 19:30.

119 Rom 6:4.

120 Cf. Jn 20:22.

121 Jn 20:21; cf. Mt 28:19; Lk 24:47-48; Acts 1:8.

122 Cf. Acts 2:33-36.

123 Byzantine liturgy, Pentecost Vespers, Troparion, repeated after communion.

124 I Jn 4:8, 16.

125 Rom 5:5.

126 2 Cor 13:14.

127 I Jn 4:11-12; cf. Rom 8:23; 2 Cor 1:21.

128 Acts 1:8; cf. I Cor 13.

129 Gal 5:22-23.

130 Gal 5:25; cf. Mt 16:24-26.

131 St. Basil, De Spiritu Sancto, 15,36: PG 32,132.

132 Jn 15:8,16.

133 St. Cyril of Alexandria, In Jo. ev., 11,11: PG 74, 561.

134 Rom 8:26.

135 LG 1; cf. Mk 16:15.

136 Roman Catechism I, 10, 1.

137 St. Hippolytus, Trad. Ap. 35: SCh 11, 118.

138 Roman Catechism I, 10, 22.

139 Cf. Acts 19:39.

140 Cf. Ex 19.

141 Cf. I Cor 11:18; 14:19, 28, 34, 35.

142 Cf. I Cor 1:2; 16:1.

143 Cf. I Cor 15:9; Gal 1:13; Phil 3:6.

144 Cf. Eph 1:22; Col 1:18; LG 9.

145 LG 6.

146 LG 6; Cf. Jn 10:1-10; Isa 40:11; Ezek 34:11-31; Jn 10:11; § Pet 5:4; Jn 10:11-16.

147 LG 6; Cf. I Cor 3:9; Rom 11:13-26; Mt 21:32-43 and parallels; Isa 51-7; Jn 15:1-5.

148 LG 6; Cf. I Cor 3:9; Mt 21:42 and parallels; Acts 4:11; I Pet 2:7; PS 118:22; I Cor 3:11; I Tim 3:15; Eph 2:19-22; Rev 21:3; I Pet 2:5; Rev 21:1-2.

149 LG 6; Cf. Gal 4:26; Rev 12:17; 19:7; 21:2, 9; 22:17; Eph 5:25-26, 29.

150 LG 2.

151 LG 2.

152 LG 2.

153 Pastor Hermae, Vision 2, 4, 1: PG 2, 899; cf. Aristides, Apol. 16, 6; St. Justin, Apol. 2,7: PG 6, 456; Tertullian, Apol. 31, 3; 32, 1: PL 1, 508-509.

154 Cf. St. Epiphanius, Panarion 1, 1, 5: PG 41, 181C.

155 Clement of Alex., Paed. 1, 6, 27: PG 8, 281.

156 Acts 10:35; cf. LG 9; 13; 16.

157 Cf. Gen 12:2; 15:5-6.

158 Cf. Ex 19:5-6; Deut 7:6; Isa 2:2-5; Mic 4:1-4.

159 LG 9; cf. Hos 1; Isa 1:2-4; Jer 2; 31:31-34; Isa 55:3.

160 Cf. LG 3; AG 3.

161 LG 5.

162 LG 3.

163 LG 5.

164 LG 5.

165 Lk 12:32; cf. Mt 10:16; 26:31; Jn 10:1-21.

166 Cf. Mt 12:49.

167 Cf. Mt 5-6.

168 Cf. Mk 3:14-15.

169 Cf. Mt 19:28; Lk 22:30; Rev 21:12-14.

170 Cf. Mk 6:7; Lk 10:1-2; Mt 10:25; Jn 15:20.

171 LG 3; cf. Jn 19:34.

172 SC 5.

173 Cf. St. Ambrose, In Luc. 2, 85-89 PL 15,1666-1668.

174 LG 4; Cf. Jn 17:4.

175 AG 4.

176 Cf. Mt 28:19-20; AG 2; 5-6.

177 LG 4.

178 LG 5.

179 LG 48.

180 St. Augustine, De civ. Dei, 18, 51: PL 41, 614; Cf. LG 8.

181 LG 5; cf. 6; 2 Cor 5:6.

182 LG 2.

183 Roman Catechism 1, 10, 20.

184 LG 8 § 1.

185 LG 8.

186 LG 8.

187 SC 2; Cf. Heb 13:14.

188 St. Bernard of Clairvaux, In Cant. Sermo 27:14 PL 183:920D.

189 Eph 1:10.

190 Eph 5:32; 3:9-11; 5:25-27.

191 Col 1:27.

192 I Cor 13:8; cf. LG 48.

193 John Paul II, MD 27.

194 Eph 5:27.

195 Cf. John Paul II, MD 27.

196 St. Augustine, Ep. 187, 11, 34: PL 33, 846.

197 LG 1.

198 Rev 7:9.

199 LG 9 § 2, 48 § 2; GS 45 § 1.

200 Paul VI, June 22, 1973; AG 7 § 2; cf. LG 17.

201 LG 9; Cf. Acts 10:35; I Cor 11:25.

202 I Pet 2:9.

203 Jn 3:3-5.

204 Cf. Jn 13:34

205 Rom 8:2; Gal 5:25.

206 Cf. Mt 5:13-16.

207 LG 9 § 2.

208 Cf. John Paul II, RH 18-21.

209 LG 10; Cf. Heb 5:1-5; Rev 1:6.

210 LG 12; Cf. Jude 3.

211 Cf. Jn 12:32.

212 Mt 20:28.

213 LG 8; cf. 36.

214 St. Leo the Great, Sermo 4, 1: PL 54, 149.

215 Cf. Mk 1:16-20; 3:13-19; Mt 13:10-17; Lk 10:17-20; 22:28-30.

216 Jn 15:4-5.

217 Jn 6:56.

218 Cf. Jn 14:18; 20:22; Mt 28:20; Acts 2:33.

219 LG 7.

220 LG 7.

221 LG 7; cf. Rom 6:4-5; I Cor 12:13.

222 LG 7 § 3.

223 LG 7 § 3; cf. I Cor 12:26.

224 Gal 3:27-28.

225 Col 1:18.

226 Col 1:18.

227 Gal 4:19.

228 LG 7 § 4; cf. Phil 3:21; Rom 8:17.

229 Cf. Col 2:19; Eph 4:11-16.

230 St. Augustine, In Jo. ev, 21, 8: PL 35, 1568.

231 Pope St. Gregory the Great Moralia in Job, praef., 14: PL 75, 525A.

232 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh III, 48, 2.

233 Acts of the Trial of Joan of Arc.

234 Jn 3:29.

235 Mk 2:19.

236 Cf. Mt 22:1-14; 25:1-13; I Cor 6:15-17; 2 Cor 11:2.

237 Cf. Rev 22:17; Eph 1:4; 5:27.

238 Eph 5:25-26.

239 Cf. Eph 5:29.

240 Eph 5:31-32.

241 Mt 19:6.

242 St. Augustine, En. in Ps. 74:4: PL 36, 948-949.

243 St. Augustine, Sermo 267, 4: PL 38, 1231D.

244 Pius XII, encyclical, Mystici Corporis: DS 3808.

245 2 Cor 6:16; cf. I Cor 3:16-17; Eph 2:21.

246 St. Irenaeus, Adv. haeres. 3, 24, 1: PG 7/1, 966.

247 Pius XII, encyclical, Mystici Corporis: DS 3808.

248 Cf. Eph 4:16.

249 Acts 20:32.

250 Cf. I Cor 12:13.

251 LG 7 § 2.

252 LG 12 § 2; cf. AA 3.

253 Cf. I Cor 13.

254 LG 12; cf. 30; I Thess 5:12, 19-21; John Paul II, Christifideles Laici, 24.

255 I Cor 12:7.

256 LG 8.

257 Cf. DS 2888.

258 Vatican Council I, DS Filius 3: DS 3013.

259 UR 2 § 5.

260 GS 78 § 3.

261 UR 2 § 2.

262 St. Clement Of Alexandria, Paed. 1, 6, 42: PG 8,300.

263 LG 13 § 2.

264 Eph 4:3.

265 Col 3:14.

266 Cf. UR 2; LG 14; CIC, can. 205.

267 LG 8 § 2.

268 UR 3 § 5.

269 UR 3 § 1.

270 Cf. CIC, can. 751.

271 Origen, Hom. in Ezech. 9, 1: PG 13, 732.

272 UR 3 § 1.

273 LG 8 § 2.

274 UR 3 § 2; cf. LG 15.

275 Cf. UR 3.

276 Cf. LG 8.

277 UR 4 § 3.

278 Jn 17:21; cf. Heb 7:25.

279 Cf. UR 1.

280 Cf. UR 6.

281 UR 7 § 3.

282 UR 8 § 1.

283 Cf. UR 9.

284 Cf. UR 10.

285 Cf. UR 4; 9; 11.

286 Cf. UR 12.

287 UR 5.

288 UR 24 § 2.

289 LG 39; Cf. Eph 5:25-26.

290 LG 12.

291 Acts 9:13; I Cor 6:1; 16 1.

292 SC 10.

293 UR 3 § 5.

294 LG 48.

295 LG 48 § 3.

296 LG 11 § 3.

297 LG 42.

298 St. Therese Of Lisieux, Autobiography of a Saint, tr. Ronald Knox (London: Harvill, 1958) 235.

299 LG 8 § 3; Cf. UR 3; 6; Heb 2:17; 726; 2 Cor 5:21.

300 Cf. I Jn 1:8-10.

301 Cf. Mt 13:24-30.

302 Paul VI, CPG § 19.

303 Cf. LG 40; 48-51.

304 John Paul II, CL 16, 3.

305 CL 17, 3.

306 LG 65; Cf. Eph 5:26-27.

307 St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Smyrn. 8, 2: Apostolic Fathers, II/2, 311.

308 UR 3; AG 6; Eph 1:22-23.

309 Cf. AG 4.

310 Cf. Mt 28:19.

311 LG 13 §§ 1-2; cf. Jn 11:52.

312 LG 26.

313 Cf. CD 11; CIC, cann. 368-369.

314 LG 23.

315 St. Ignatius Of Antioch, Ad Rom. 1, 1: Apostolic Fathers, II/2, 192; cf. LG 13.

316 St. Irenaeus, Adv. haeres. 3, 3, 2: PG 7/1, 849; Cf. Vatican Council I DS 3057.

317 St. Maximus the Confessor, Opuscula theo.: PG 91 137-140.

318 Paul VI, EN 62.

319 LG 23.

320 LG 13.

321 LG 14.

322 LG 15.

323 UR 3.

324 Paul VI, Discourse, December 14, 1975; cf. UR 13-18.

325 LG 16.

326 Cf. NA 4.

327 Roman Missal, Good Friday 13: General Intercessions, VI.

328 Rom 9:4-5.

329 Rom 11:29.

330 LG 16; cf. NA 3.

331 NA 1.

332 LG 16; cf. NA 2; EN 53.

333 LG 16; cf. Rom 1:21, 25.

334 St. Augustine, Serm. 96, 7, 9: PL 38, 588; St. Ambrose, De virg. 18, 118: PL 16, 297B; cf. already 1 Pet 3:20-21.

335 Cf. Cyprian, Ep. 73.21: PL 3, 1169; De unit.: PL 4, 509-536.

336 LG 14; cf. Mk 16:16; Jn 3:5.

337 LG 16; cf. DS 3866-3872.

338 AG 7; cf. Heb 11:6; I Cor 9:16.

339 AG 1; cf. Mt 16:15.

340 Mt 28:19-20.

341 AG 2.

342 Cf. John Paul II, RMiss 23.

343 2 Cor 5:14; cf. AA 6; RMiss 11.

344 I Tim 2:4.

345 John Paul II, RMiss 21.

346 AG 5.

347 Tertullian, Apol. 50, 13: PL 1, 603.

348 GS 43 § 6.

349 LG 8 § 3; 15; AG 1 § 3; cf. RMiss 12-20.

350 LG 8 § 3.

351 GS 40 § 2.

352 Cf. RMiss 42-47.

353 AG 15 § 1.

354 Cf. RMiss 48-49.

355 Cf. RMiss 52-54.

356 AG 6 § 2.

357 Cf. RMiss 50.

358 UR 4 § 8.

359 Cf. RMiss 55.

360 AG 9.

361 AG 9.

362 Eph 2:20; Rev 21:14.

363 Cf. Mt 28:16-20; Acts 1:8; I Cor 9:1; 15:7-8; Gal 1:1; etc.

364 Cf. Acts 2:42.

365 Cf. 2 Tim 1:13-14.

366 AG 5.

367 Roman Missal, Preface of the Apostles I.

368 Mk 3:13-14.

369 Jn 20:21; cf. 13:20; 17:18.

370 Mt 10:40; cf. Lk 10:16.

371 Jn 5:19, 30; cf. Jn 15:5.

372 2 Cor 3:6; 6:4; 5:20; I Cor 4:1.

373 LG 20; cf. Mt 28:20.

374 LG 20; cf. Acts 20:28; St. Clement of Rome, Ad Cor. 42, 44: PG 1, 291-300.

375 LG 20 § 2.

376 LG 20 § 2.

377 AA 2.

378 AA 4; cf. Jn 15:5.

379 AA 3.

380 Rev 19:6.

381 Eph 1:4.

382 Rev 21:9.

383 Rev 21:10-11.

384 Rev 21:14.

385 CIC, Can. 204 para 1; Cf. LG 31.

386 CIC, Can. 208; Cf. LG 32.

387 AA 2.

388 CIC, Can. 207 § 2.

389 LG 18.

390 Rom 10:14-15.

391 Rom 10:17.

392 Cf. Rom 1:1.

393 Phil 2:7.

394 Cf. I Cor 9:19.

395 AG 5.

396 Cf. Jn 17:21-23.

397 Jn 21:22; Cf. Mt 4:19-21; Jn 1:4.

398 LG 19; cf. Lk 6:13; Jn 21:15-17.

399 LG 22; cf. CIC, can. 330.

400 Cf. Mt 16:18-19; Jn 21:15-17.

401 LG 22 § 2.

402 LG 23.

403 LG 22; cf. CD 2, 9.

404 LG 22; cf. CIC, can 336.

405 CIC, can. 337 § 1.

406 LG 22.

407 LG 22.

408 LG 23.

409 LG 23.

410 Cf. CD 3.

411 LG 23.

412 Cf. Gal 2:10.

413 Cf. Apostolic Constitutions 34.

414 LG 23 § 3.

415 PO 4; cf. Mk 16:15.

416 LG 25.

417 LG 12; cf. DV 10.

418 LG 25; cf. Vatican Council I: DS 3074.

419 DV 10 § 2.

420 LG 25 § 2.

421 Cf. LG 25.

422 LG 25.

423 LG 26.

424 I Pet 5:3.

425 LG 26 § 3.

426 LG 27; cf. Lk 22:26-27.

427 LG 27.

428 LG 27 § 2.

429 St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Smyrn. 8, 1: Apostolic Fathers, II/2, 309.

430 LG 31.

431 LG 31 § 2.

432 Pius XII, Discourse, February 20, 1946: AAS 38 (1946) 149; quoted by John Paul II, CL 9.

433 Cf. LG 33.

434 LG 34; cf. LG 10, I Pet 2:5.

435 CIC, can. 835 § 4.

436 Cf. CIC, can. 230 § 1.

437 CIC, can. 230 § 3.

438 LG 35.

439 St. Thomas Aquinas, STh. III, 71, 4 ad 3.

440 LG 35 § 1, § 2.

441 AA 6 § 3; cf. AG 15.

442 Cf. CIC, cann. 229; 774; 776; 780; 823 § 1.

443 CIC, can. 212 § 3.

444 Cf. Phil 2:8-9.

445 LG 36.

446 St. Ambrose, Psal 118:14:30: PL 15:1476.

447 LG 36 § 3.

448 Paul VI, EN 73.

449 CIC, can. 129 § 2.

450 Cf. CIC, cann. 443 § 4; 463 §§ 1 and 2; 492 § 1; 511; 517 § 2; 536; 1421 § 2.

451 LG 36 § 4.

452 LG 33 § 2; cf. Eph 4:7.

453 LG 44 § 4.

454 Cf. LG 42-43; PC 1.

455 Cf. PC 5.

456 Cf. CIC, can. 573.

457 LG 43.

458 PC 1.

459 Cf. CIC, can. 605.

460 CIC, can. 603 § 1.

461 Cf. I Cor 7:34-36.

462 Cf. John Paul II, Vita consecrata 7.

463 Mt 19:12.

464 CIC, can. 604 § 1.

465 Ordo Consecrationis Virginum, Praenotanda 1.

466 Cf. CIC, can. 604 § 1; OCV Praenotanda 2.

467 Cf. CIC, can. 604 § 2.

468 Cf. CIC, cann. 607; 573; UR 15.

469 Cf. CD 33-35; CIC, can. 591.

470 Cf. AG 18; 40.

471 John Paul II, RMiss 69.

472 CIC, can. 710.

473 Pius XII, Provida Mater; cf. PC 11.

474 Cf. CIC, can. 713 § 2.

475 Cf. CIC, can. 731 §§ 1 and 2.

476 CIC, can. 783; cf. RM 69.

477 LG 31 § 2.

478 LG 44 § 3.

479 Nicetas, Expl. Symb., 10: PL 52:871B.

480 St. Thomas Aquinas, Symb., 10.

481 Roman Catechism I, 10, 24.

482 Acts 2:42.

483 Roman Catechism 1, 10, 24.

484 LG 12 § 2.

485 I Cor 12:7.

486 Acts 4:32.

487 Roman Catechism 1, 10, 27.

488 Cf. Lk 16:1, 3.

489 Rom 14:7.

490 I Cor 12:26-27.

491 I Cor 13:5; cf. 10:24.

492 LG 49; cf. Mt 25:31; I Cor 15:26-27; Council of Florence (1439): DS 1305.

493 LG 49; cf. Eph 4:16.

494 LG 49.

495 LG 49; cf. I Tim 2:5.

496 St. Dominic, dying, to his brothers.

497 St. Therese of Lisieux, The Final Conversations, tr. John Clarke (Washington: ICS, 1977), 102.

498 LG 50; cf. Eph 4:1-6.

499 Martyrium Polycarpi, 17: Apostolic Fathers II/3, 396.

500 LG 50; cf. 2 Macc 12:45.

501 LG 51; cf. Heb 3:6.

502 LG 53; cf. St. Augustine, De virg. 6: PL 40,399.

503 Paul VI, Discourse, November 21,1964.

504 LG 57.

505 LG 58; cf. Jn 19:26-27.

506 LG 69.

507 LG 59.

508 LG 59; cf. Pius XII, Munificentissimus Deus (1950): DS 3903; cf. Rev 19:16.

509 Byzantine Liturgy, Troparion, Feast of the Dormition, August 15th.

510 LG 53; 63.

511 LG 61.

512 LG 62.

513 LG 60.

514 LG 62.

515 Lk 1:48; Paul VI, MC 56.

516 LG 66.

517 Cf. Paul VI, MC 42; SC 103.

518 LG 69.

519 LG 68; Cf. 2 Pet 3:10.

520 Jn 20:22-23.

521 Mk 16:15-16.

522 Rom 6:4; Cf. 4:25.

523 Roman Catechism I, 11, 3.

524 Roman Catechism I, 11, 4.

525 Council Of Trent (1551): DS 1672; Cf. St. Gregory Of Nazianzus, Oratio 39, 17: PG 36, 356.

526 Lk 24:47.

527 2 Cor 5:18.

528 St. Augustine, Sermo 214, 11: PL 38, 1071-1072.

529 Roman Catechism I, 11, 5.

530 Cf. Mt 18:21-22.

531 Cf. St. Ambrose, De poenit. I, 15: PL 16, 490.

532 John Chrysostom, De sac. 3, 5: PG 48, 643.

533 St. Augustine, Sermo 213, 8: PL 38,1064.

534 Cf. Jn 6:39-40.

535 Rom 8:11; cf. I Thess 4:14; I Cor 6:14; 2 Cor 4:14; Phil 3:10-11.

536 Cf. Gen 6:3; Ps 56:5; Isa 40:6.

537 Rom 8:11.

538 Tertullian, De res, 1, 1: PL 2, 841.

539 I Cor 15:12-14, 20.

540 2 Macc 7:9.

541 2 Macc 7:14; cf. 7:29; Dan 12:1-13.

542 Mk 12:24; cf. Jn 11:24; Acts 23:6.

543 Mk 12:27.

544 Jn 11:25.

545 Cf. Jn 5:24-25; 6:40, 54.

546 Cf. Mk 5:21-42; Lk 7:11-17; Jn 11.

547 Mt 12:39.

548 Cf. Mk 10:34; Jn 2:19-22.

549 Acts 1:22; 10:41; cf. 4:33.

550 Cf. Acts 17:32; I Cor 15:12-13.

551 St. Augustine, En. in Ps. 88, 5: PL 37, 1134.

552 Jn 5:29; cf. Dan 12:2.

553 Lk 24:39.

554 Lateran Council IV (1215): DS 801; Phil 3:21; I Cor 15:44.

555 I Cor 15:35-37, 42, 52, 53.

556 St. Irenaeus, Adv. haeres. 4, 18, 4-5: PG 7/1, 1028-1029.

557 Jn 6:39-40, 44, 54; 11:24; LG 48 § 3.

558 I Thess 4:16.

559 Col 2:12; 3:1.

560 Col 3:3; cf. Phil 3:20.

561 Eph 2:6.

562 Col 3:4.

563 I Cor 6:13-15, 19-20.

564 2 Cor 5:8.

565 Cf. Phil 1:23.

566 Cf. Paul VI, CPG § 28.

567 GS 18.

568 Rom 6:23; cf. Gen 2:17.

569 Cf. Rom 6:3-9; Phil 3:10-11.

570 Eccl 12:1, 7.

571 Cf. Gen 2:17; 3:3; 3:19; Wis 1:13; Rom 5:12; 6:23; DS 1511.

572 Cf. Wis 2:23-24.

573 GS 18 § 2; cf. I Cor 15:26.

574 Cf. Mk 14:33-34; Heb 5:7-8.

575 Cf. Rom 5:19-21.

576 Phil 1:21.

577 2 Tim 2:11.

578 St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Rom., 6, 1-2: Apostolic Fathers, II/2, 217-220.

579 Phil 1:23.

580 Cf. Lk 23:46.

581 St. Ignatius of Antioch, Ad Rom., 6, 1- 2: Apostolic Fathers, II/2, 223-224.

582 St. Teresa of Avila, Life, chap. 1.

583 St. Therese of Lisieux, The Last Conversations.

584 Cf. I Thess 4:13-14.

585 Roman Missal, Preface of Christian Death I.

586 LG 48 § 3.

587 Heb 9:27.

588 Roman Missal, Litany of the saints.

589 The Imitation of Christ, 1, 23, 1.

590 St. Francis of Assisi, Canticle of the Creatures.

591 OCF, Prayer of Commendation.

592 Cf. 2 Tim 1:9-10.

593 Cf. Lk 16:22; 23:43; Mt 16:26; 2 Cor 5:8; Phil 1:23; Heb 9:27; 12:23.

594 Cf. Council of Lyons II (1274): DS 857-858; Council of Florence (1439): DS 1304- 1306; Council of Trent (1563): DS 1820.

595 Cf. Benedict XII, Benedictus Deus (1336): DS 1000-1001; John XXII, Ne super his (1334): DS 990.

596 Cf. Benedict XII, 8enedictus Deus (1336): DS 1002.

597 St. John of the Cross, Dichos 64.

598 I Jn 3:2; cf. I Cor 13:12; Rev 22:4.

599 Benedict XII, Benedictus Deus (1336): DS 1000; cf. LG 49.

600 Phil 1:23; cf. Jn 14:3; I Thess 4:17.

601 Cf. Rev 2:17.

602 St. Ambrose, In Luc., 10, 121: PL 15, 1834A.

603 I Cor 2:9.

604 St. Cyprian, Ep. 58, 10, 1: CSEL 3/2, 665.

605 Rev 22:5; cf. Mt 25:21, 23.

606 Cf. Council of Florence (1439): DS 1304; Council of Trent (1563): DS 1820; (1547): 1580; see also Benedict XII, Benedictus Deus (1336): DS 1000.

607 Cf. I Cor 3:15; I Pet 1:7.

608 St. Gregory the Great, Dial. 4, 39: PL 77, 396; cf. Mt 12:31.

609 2 Macc 12:46.

610 Cf. Council of Lyons II (1274): DS 856.

611 St. John Chrysostom, Hom. in 1 Cor. 41, 5: PG 61, 361; cf. Job 1:5.

612 I Jn 3:14-15.

613 Cf. Mt 25:31-46.

614 Cf. Mt 5:22, 29; 10:28; 13:42, 50; Mk 9:43-48.

615 Mt 13:41-42.

616 Mt 25:41.

617 Cf. DS 76; 409; 411; 801; 858; 1002; 1351; 1575; Paul VI, CPG § 12.

618 Mt 7:13-14.

619 LG 48 § 3; Mt 22:13; cf. Heb 9:27; Mt 25:13, 26, 30, 31 46.

620 Cf. Council of Orange II (529): DS 397; Council of Trent (1547):1567.

621 2 Pet 3:9.

622 Roman Missal, EP I (Roman Canon) 88.

623 Acts 24:15.

624 Jn 5:28-29.

625 Mt 25:31, 32, 46.

626 Cf. Jn 12:49.

627 St. Augustine, Sermo 18, 4: PL 38, 130-131; cf. Ps 50:3.

628 Cf. Song 8:6.

629 2 Cor 6:2.

630 Titus 2:13; 2 Thess 1:10.

631 LG 48; Cf. Acts 3:21; Eph 1:10; Col 1:20; 2 Pet 3:10-13.

632 2 Pet 3:13; Cf. Rev 21:1.

633 Eph 1:10.

634 Cf. Rev 21:5.

635 Rev 21:4.

636 Cf. LG 1.

637 Rev 21:2, 9.

638 Cf. Rev 21:27.

639 Rom 8:19-23.

640 St. Irenaeus, Adv. haeres. 5, 32, 1 PG 7/2, 210.

641 GS 39 § 1.

642 GS 39 § 2.

643 GS 39 § 3.

644 I Cor 15:28.

645 St. Cyril of Jerusalem, Catech. illum. 18, 29: PG 33, 1049.

646 Cf. Rev 22:21.

647 Isa 65:16.

648 Cf. Mt 6:2, 5, 16; Jn 5:19.

649 St. Augustine, Sermo 58, 11, 13: PL 38, 399.

650 Rev 3:14.

651 2 Cor 1:20.

Notes:

646 Cf. Rev 22:21.

647 Isa 65:16.

648 Cf. Mt 6:2, 5, 16; Jn 5:19.

649 St. Augustine, Sermo 58, 11, 13: PL 38, 399.

650 Rev 3:14.

651 2 Cor 1:20.

English Translation of the Cathechism of the Catholic Church for the United States of America © 1997, United States Catholic Conference, Inc.

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