ever to excel
By Diogenes (articles ) | Feb 27, 2007
At the First Things blog, R.R. Reno reflects on the 20th anniversary of Allan Bloom's The Closing of the American Mind, and has some well-targeted remarks on the moral incoherence of contemporary higher education. Some excerpts:
Higher education has become, argued Bloom, the professional training of clever and sybaritic animals, who drink, vomit, and fornicate in the dorms by night while they posture critically and ironically by day. Bloom identified moral relativism as dogma that blessed what he called "the civilized reanimalization of man." He saw a troubling, dangerous, and soulless apathy that pleasured itself prudently with passing satisfactions ("Always use condoms!" says the sign by the dispenser in the bathroom) but was moved by no desire to know good or evil, truth or falsehood, beauty or ugliness.
I remember reading Bloom in 1987, feeling as though he was describing what I was experiencing as a young graduate teaching assistant. Bright, energetic, ambitious Yale students could master material with amazing speed. They could discuss brilliantly. They could write effective, well-researched papers. But they possessed an amazing ability to understand without being moved, to experience without judging, to self-consciously put forward their own convictions as mere opinions. On the whole, they seemed to have interior lives of Jell-O.
I have since learned that students are often not as they appear. Quite a number have steely souls and passionate convictions, but they have learned that the proper posture of higher education is either soft diffidence or its counter-image, snarky critical superiority. At times, a cultivated moral passion is OK, even desirable, especially if it is sincerely felt, unconventional, and asserted as an imperative of personality. An urgent vegetarianism expressed with a vehemence bordering on taboo, for example, can be quite acceptable. What is positively discouraged, however, are reasoned, principled commitments. So students who have real and serious moral or religious convictions hide them and cordon them off from their educational experience.
Key to Reno's insight is the role he assigns the "imperative of personality." If I have the knack of projecting my passions as an identity -- i.e., of announcing "this vegan, this gay, this goth is WHO I AM" -- I preemptively disqualify criticism as simply an instance of bigotry. Of course, not every passion is granted this status, as committed Christians know too well. Nor is this lopsided tolerance (by which these enthusiasms are welcomed and those are damned) peculiar to the secular university. What Reno has to say about Catholic institutions is painfully accurate:
Every Catholic university has its own story. But the basic dynamic tends to be the same. For all their good intentions, most Catholic administrators are hopelessly confused and inconsistent when it comes to the goals of education. Just talk to a Catholic dean or college president. They do not want non-Catholic students to be "uncomfortable," and they want everyone to feel "included." Then, not a minute or two later, the conversation shifts, and the very same proponents of inclusion will insist that we need to challenge our students with critical thought and diverse perspectives. Hello! You can't have it both ways -- making students comfortable and challenging them.
Of course, what most Catholic educators usually mean is that a professor should challenge the traditional beliefs of Catholic students and challenge any conservative political or economic beliefs that students are foolish enough to expose. This critical project, which is conveniently well-coordinated with the agenda of secular education, has the desired effect of making administrators and faculty feel good about their great vocation as critical educators while -- miracle of miracles -- making anybody who disagrees with the teachings of the Catholic Church feel comfortable and welcome.
Reno's critique of the typical Catholic college administrator calls to mind some acid observations by Joseph Epstein in a review of Elaine Showalter's Faculty Towers (Weekly Standard, 9 May, 2005):
Being with the show has doubtless clouded Showalter's judgment of [Randall Jarrell's novel] Pictures from an Institution, which contains, among several withering criticisms of university life, a marvelously prophetic description of the kind of perfectly characterless man who will eventually -- that is to say, now, in our day -- rise to the presidencies of universities all over the country. Cozening, smarmy, confidently boring, an appeaser of all and offender of none, "idiot savants of success" (Jarrell's perfect phrase), not really quite human but, like President Dwight Robbins of the novel's Benton College, men (and some women) with a gift for "seeming human"-- in short, the kind of person the faculty of Harvard is currently hoping to turn the detoxed Lawrence Summers into if they can't succeed in firing him straightaway for his basic mistake in thinking that they actually believe in free speech.
Reno's right. Jarrell's right. And (as shown by the eclipse of Harvard's Summers) Epstein is right as well. And his depiction of the contemporary college president is eerily exact: "cozening, smarmy, confidently boring, an appeaser of all and offender of none, an idiot savant of success" -- we've all met this man. On Parents Weekend, you may even get to shake his hand. Even if he puts on a roman collar for the occasion, the odds are enormously against his being able -- still less his being inclined -- to mount a moral defense of Catholic doctrine where the wrong folks will be made uncomfortable thereby. His clerical garb, like his presidency itself, betokens not a positive faith commitment but a career history of successful capitulations. So instructed as to be unconscious of the latent ironies, he is -- more truly than he knows -- a "person for others."
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Posted by: -
Feb. 28, 2007 10:24 AM ET USA
I have read that the Caredinal Newman Society is coming out with a book evaluating Catholic colleges. Apparently only thirty some colleges will pass muster. The other hundred and ninety or so won't. At least one organization has the courage to draw a line over the scandal in so-called Catholic higher education.
Posted by: -
Feb. 28, 2007 8:38 AM ET USA
Allan Bloom's Closing of the American Mind made me the pseudonym I am today.
Posted by: -
Feb. 28, 2007 8:05 AM ET USA
I, too, have to re-read Bloom. As well as C.S. Lewis' The Abolition of Man. What is described in this post is the phenomemon of Men Without Chests - all appetite and brains and nothing in between.
Posted by: -
Feb. 27, 2007 7:53 PM ET USA
Thank God for the NEW Catholic colleges (I am thinking particularly of John Paul the Great Catholic University, my son is attending). At least at their inception their stated purpose is to put forth solid Catholic teaching and morals.We need to support them so that financially struggling families can choose to send their offspring there, instead of the more 'budget friendly' public colleges.
Posted by: -
Feb. 27, 2007 5:53 PM ET USA
I read Bloom's "...American Mind" while at college after having served in the army. The university was conservative but some of the faculty still did a double take when they saw me reading it. It is one of my favorite book and it helped me stave off the infection of cultural relativism. Now I want to go back and read it again! Highly recommended.
Posted by: -
Feb. 27, 2007 2:17 PM ET USA
"idiot savants of success" a perfect description of the USCCB.
Posted by: -
Feb. 27, 2007 2:07 PM ET USA
My God, I had almost forgotten Allen Bloom. But this is excellent: the idiot savants of success. Men and women who are actually, truly at home in academic robes and those goofy hats. When they put them on they no doubt realize that shortly they will be milling around drinking champagne and making oh-such-witty conversation with the other idiot savants.